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Sustainability 2014, 6(10), 7089-7106;

The Spatio-Temporal Distribution and Development Modes of Border Ports in China

Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Transport Studies Unit, School of Geography and Environment, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 3QY, UK
School of Geography, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
China Communications and Transportation Association, Beijing 100053, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 July 2014 / Revised: 17 September 2014 / Accepted: 8 October 2014 / Published: 16 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Borderland Studies and Sustainability)
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Border ports play a substantial role in socio-economic exchanges, which reflect the diplomatic relations between neighboring countries. This paper maps and analyzes the evolution process of border ports in China since the 1930s, in terms of the spatial distribution, transport modes, cargo and flows of people. Four development modes of border ports and cities are summarized based on the functions and development level of border ports and their proximity to urban core areas. The four modes include: (1) Port-Port mode; (2) City-Port-Port-City mode; (3) City (Port)-Port-City mode; (4) City (Port)-City (Port) mode, which also reflect the spatio-temporal evolution process of certain border ports and cities. The results show that the development of border ports is closely related to the bilateral relations with neighboring countries and their complementarities of natural resources and economic development, national foreign policies, as well as the physical, historical and cultural context. The findings of this study are helpful to promote the sustainable development of the border port system which is crucial for win-win reciprocity between China and its neighboring countries. View Full-Text
Keywords: border ports; border cities; border trade; development mode; China border ports; border cities; border trade; development mode; China

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Wang, J.; Cheng, Y.; Mo, H. The Spatio-Temporal Distribution and Development Modes of Border Ports in China. Sustainability 2014, 6, 7089-7106.

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