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Implications of Energy Return on Energy Invested on Future Total Energy Demand

Center for Energy Research and Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering UCSD, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
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Sustainability 2011, 3(12), 2433-2442; https://doi.org/10.3390/su3122433
Received: 5 January 2011 / Revised: 10 July 2011 / Accepted: 10 November 2011 / Published: 13 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Studies in EROI (Energy Return on Investment))
Human society is now at the beginning of a transition from fossil-fuel based primary energy sources to a mixture of renewable and nuclear based energy sources which have a lower Energy Return On Energy Invested (EROEI) than the older fossil based sources. This paper examines the evolution of total energy demand during this transition for a highly idealized energy economy. A simple model is introduced in which the net useful energy output required to operate an economy is assumed to remain fixed while the lower EROEI source gradually replaces the older higher EROEI primary energy source following a logistics substitution model. The results show that, for fixed net useful energy output, total energy demand increases as the ratio EROEInew/EROEIold decreases; total energy demand diverges as EROEInew approaches unity, indicating that the system must collapse in this limit. View Full-Text
Keywords: EROEI; energy demand; total energy demand EROEI; energy demand; total energy demand
MDPI and ACS Style

Deng, S.; Tynan, G.R. Implications of Energy Return on Energy Invested on Future Total Energy Demand. Sustainability 2011, 3, 2433-2442.

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