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Open AccessArticle

Comparison of the Farming System and Carbon Sequestration between Conventional and Organic Rice Production in West Java, Indonesia

1
College of Agriculture, Ibaraki University, 3-21-1 Ami, Inashiki, Ibaraki 300-0393, Japan
2
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Bogor Agricultural University, JI Meranti, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor, 16680, Indonesia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2010, 2(3), 833-843; https://doi.org/10.3390/su2030833
Received: 1 February 2010 / Revised: 20 February 2010 / Accepted: 1 March 2010 / Published: 22 March 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Renewable Agriculture)
Organic farming provides many benefits in Indonesia: it can improve soil quality, food quality and soil carbon sequestration. This study was designed to compare soil carbon sequestration levels between conventional and organic rice farming fields in west Java, Indonesia. The results from soil analysis indicate that organic farming leads to soil with significantly higher soil carbon storage capacity than conventional farming. Organic farming can also cut some farming costs, but it requires about twice as much labor. The sharecropping system of rice farming in Indonesia is highly exploitative of workers; therefore, research should be conducted to develop a fairer organic farming system that can enhance both local and global sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: organic farming; rice farming system; soil carbon sequestration; weeding tools; working time; appropriate technology organic farming; rice farming system; soil carbon sequestration; weeding tools; working time; appropriate technology
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Komatsuzaki, M.; Syuaib, M.F. Comparison of the Farming System and Carbon Sequestration between Conventional and Organic Rice Production in West Java, Indonesia. Sustainability 2010, 2, 833-843.

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