Engaging Users in Resource Ecosystem Building for Local Heritage-Led Knowledge
2. Research Aim
3. Materials and Methods
3.1. An Identification, Review and Comparison of Cultural Heritage-Related Digital Platforms
3.2. Platforms in a Comparative Perspective
3.3. Engaging Users in the RURITAGE Resource Ecosystem
- Policy makers: international organizations, governing bodies and institutions;
- Knowledge organizations: universities and research institutions, schools and other educational and training centers;
- Civil society organizations: NGOs, interest groups and associations;
- Practitioners and key service providers in rural areas;
- Businesses and public and private investors;
- Citizens and rural residents.
- The RRE landing page: User-friendly overview of the platforms’ main purpose and functionalities. The RRE landing introduces the ecosystem as a main digital hub for rural regeneration within rural communities (Figure 1). Tools are visualized by icons and interactive pop-up window briefly explain the functionalities of each tool giving an introductory idea to end-users before fully exploring the specific tool (Figure 2). Another bottom “start here” (the tool on the bottom left in Figure 1), on the other hand, it enables the Replication Toolbox and assists users to apply all RURITAGE tools (including non-digital tools and methodologies) to create their own rural regeneration strategies.
- Tool landing pages for the six RRE applications: User-friendly introduction to each tool, including main functionalities and capabilities, intended audience and possible use. Each tool presented in Figure 1 has their own landing page, which gives information about different functionalities and capabilities offered by the tool. Furthermore, at any moment during the use of the tool, it is possible to find a manual and a video tutorial for each tool under the button “Guide” (as can be seen in Figure 3).
- Interaction with RRE tools: The process by which users engage with each tool, e.g., to access or provide specific data. In addition to the landing pages, the interaction with the RRE is designed to be intuitive. An example of the Atlas, which is one of the RRE tools, is presented in Figure 3.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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|Project Denomination||Project Aim||Platform Aims||Tools|
|PLUGGY: Pluggable Social Platform for Heritage Awareness and Participation||To enable citizens to share their local knowledge and everyday experience with others.||To create the architecture for the creation of pluggable applications, allowing for beyond the project, not yet imagined ways to utilize the content on the social platform, while focusing on the design of the social interaction.||Open-source solutions that programmers can use to build a range of social applications: PLUGGY3D Suite (for creating augmented reality experiences), PLUGGY Pins (for creating guided tours), Games Hunter (for creating interactive games) and PlugSonic Suite (for creating soundscapes).|
|NETCHER Social Platform for Cultural Heritage.||To set up an information network and a chart of good practices at European level, gathering a maximum number of actors engaged in the preservation of cultural heritage.||To systemize and frame best practices to enhance and capitalize on the international experiences of the consortium members to carry out a joint action plan, with shared toolkits and a research and innovation roadmap.||Best Practices Repository, WebGIS Library with database. The WebGIS is password protected, whereas the Library provides a bibliography collected through Zotero and made public through BiBbase.|
|ARCHES: Accessible Resources for Cultural Heritage EcoSystems||To help European museums to become barrier free with 3D art replicas, mobile phone apps, games and sign language video avatars.||To create apps, games and an interactive multimedia guide. Apps are available in App Stores.||Sign language video avatars, tactile artwork reliefs, barrier-free apps for museum visits and games for smartphones and tablets.|
|CEMEC: Connecting Early Medieval European Collections||To create a collaborative network, and a cost-effective business model, between eight European museum collections and six technical partners.||To create the Mobile Panoramic Project System (MPPS) to enable museum and online visitors to explore the rich cultural history and diversity of Early Medieval Europe.||MPPS will connect to a database of 3D-scanned objects, allowing users to take a closer look at objects in the exhibition and to learn more about the collections and history from their devices at home.|
|IMareculture: Advanced VR, iMmersive serious games and Augmented REality as tools to raise awareness and access to European underwater CULTURal heritagE||To raise public awareness of European identity by focusing on maritime cultural heritage, which by default bridges different civilizations.||To release the tools and games free to the public. As each tool has a dedicated platform, there is no single ecosystem that hosts all tools.||Exhibition on Thalassa Museum, 3D Libraries of Ships, 3D Libraries of Amphorae, image enhancement tools and a navigation algorithm.|
|INCEPTION: Inclusive Cultural Heritage in Europe through 3D semantic modelling||To solve the shortcomings of the state-of-the-art 3D reconstruction by significantly enhancing the functionalities, capabilities and cost-effectiveness of instruments and deployment procedures for 3D laser survey, data acquisition and processing.||To solve the accuracy and efficiency of 3D capturing by integrating Geospatial Information, Global and Indoor Positioning Systems (GIS, GPS, IPS) through both hardware interfaces as well as software algorithms.||3D models, videos and e-learning.|
|ENRD: The European Network for Rural Development (works alongside the European Innovation Partnership for Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability (EIP-AGRI))||To increase the involvement of stakeholders in rural development, to improve the quality of rural development programs (RDPs), to better inform on the benefits of rural development policy, to support the evaluation of the RDPs.||To serve as a hub for the exchange of information on how rural development policy, programs, projects and other initiatives are working in practice and how they can be improved to achieve more.||Project database, Evaluation knowledge Bank, Share your Rural Story, LAG Database (allows Local Action Groups (LAGs) to get in touch, network and cooperate with each other), CLLD Partner Search, LEADER resources (includes News, Publications, Good Practices, Guides, Videos, LEADER Historical resources), NRN Toolkit and myENRD.|
|REACH RE-designing Access to Cultural Heritage||To have a wider participation in preservation, (re-)use and management of European culture||To create an independent online space open to the contribution of the community of heritage researchers, practitioners, professionals and citizens interested in promoting the value of cultural heritage and supporting its public recognition.||REACH Good Practice about participatory approaches in culture and social innovation database, MEMOLA Archive about rural heritage, the CINE Gate about culture in Northern environment, the RICHES Showcase and Taxonomy about cultural heritage in a changing world.|
|SOPHIA: Social Platform for Holistic Impact Heritage Assessment||To promote collective reflection within the cultural and political sector in Europe on the impact assessment and quality of interventions in European historical environment and cultural heritage at urban level.||To create a social platform, a vast and diverse community of stakeholders from different fields and disciplines interested in interventions in historical environment and cultural heritage in Europe, that work together towards the definition of an effective impact.||The impact assessment model, best practices identified and report.|
|RURITAGE: Rural regeneration through systemic heritage-led strategies||The project aims to sustainably enhance local heritage for regional and community development. The intention is to regenerate rural areas with the help of the systemic innovation areas (SIA) framework, which identifies unique heritage potential within rural communities. The recognized SIAs are Pilgrimage, Resilience, Sustainable Local Food Production, Integrated Landscape Management, Migration and Art and Festivals.||The RURITAGE Resource Ecosystem ensures effective knowledge sharing, mutual learning and communication, and provides stakeholders with data, information and support through innovative, integrated tools developed within RURITAGE.|
The RURITAGE Resource Ecosystem consists of six key interactive tools accessible to all users interested in promoting rural regeneration.
|ATLAS (to navigating the RURITAGE territories and discover their unique cultural and natural heritage), Decision Support System (to support the discovery and composition of possible heritage-led regeneration scenarios), Digital Heritage Hub (to enable exchange between stakeholders), Replication Toolbox (to support future stakeholders in replicating rural regeneration strategies), My Cult-Rural Toolkit (to enable participatory research through three physical tools and two mobile apps), monitoring platform (to examine the evidence of the role of cultural and natural heritage in rural areas as a driver for sustainable growth).|
|1||Policy makers||Global||United Nations, EU, IMF, Global banks||Data of rural communities, best practices, assessment of previous projects|
|National||Ministries, national authorities||Data of rural communities, best practices, assessment of previous projects, protocols, national plans, key performance indicators (KPIs)|
|Regional||Regional authorities||Maps, data of vulnerable areas and population exposed, active organizations in the area, KPIs|
|Local||Municipalities (73% male, 27% female)||Maps, data of vulnerable areas and population exposed, development plans, KPIs, knowledge of local enterprises and initiatives|
|2||Knowledge Organizations||Global||United Nations University, Think tanks||Methodologies about rural development, publications, statistics of population, comparative studies, KPIs|
|National||National research institutes, universities||Material for teaching, contacts with project coordinators, social and economic studies of the territory, KPIs|
|National||Institutes, high schools, elementary schools, college||Material for teaching, contact with experts, visits to live labs with learning purposes, methodologies in rural development|
|Local||Local research centers, universities (54% male, 46 % female)||Material for teaching, contact with experts, visits to live labs with learning purposes, methodologies in rural development, collaboration with civil society, business and policy makers|
|3||Civil Society Organizations||Global||International NGO, International cooperation organizations||Data of rural communities, best practices on rural development, assessment of previous projects, maps, data of vulnerable areas and population exposed, KPIs|
|National||National NGO, social organizations, grass roots organizations, churches, farmers’ organizations, museums||Thematic maps, data of vulnerable areas and population exposed, active organizations in the area, database of local producers, local development plans, identification of tourist sites, KPIs|
|Local||Local NGOs, interest groups, associations, social organizations, grass roots organizations, churches, farmers’ organizations, museums (50% male, 50% female)||Thematic maps, data of vulnerable areas and population exposed, active organizations in the area, database of local producers, local development plans, identification of tourist sites, KPIs, networking, inspiration on good practices|
|4||Practitioners and key service providers||National||Clubs, delivery services, emergency services, mobility providers, postal services, social care, retail service||Directory of child and elderly care providers, local and farmers markets, highways and route maps, directory of recreational facilities, directory of accommodation establishments|
|National||Design, production, marketing and distribution services||Directory of local providers, local markets maps, active organizations in the area|
|Local||Local practitioners and service providers in tourism, health, architecture, construction, etc. (73% male, 27% female)||Directory of local providers, local markets maps, active organizations in the area, networking, peer-learning|
|5||Businesses and public and private investors||National||Building companies, foundations, banks, entrepreneurs||Calendar of local festivals, territorial development plans, territory maps, directory of local providers, tourism service providers, KPIs|
|Local||Local businesses and enterprises (SMEs and LEs) (44% male, 56% female)||Networking with local, regional and national organizations and groups involved in economic development.|
|6||Citizens/rural residents||National||Teachers, drivers, construction workers, elderly people, families with children, youngsters||Directory of organic farms, information of local service providers, information of training opportunities, child and elderly care services, directory of emergency providers|
|Local||Teachers, drivers, construction workers, elderly people, families with children, youngsters (25% male, 75 % female)||Learning about CNH, rural terriories, examples of good practices, directory of organic farms, information of local service providers, information of training opportunities, child and elderly care services, directory of emergency providers|
|N||User Groups||Level||Atlas||DSS||DRHH||Replication ToolBox||My Cult-Rural Toolkit||Monitoring Platform|
|3||Civil society organizations||Global||x||x||x||x||x|
|4||Practitioners and key service providers||National||x||x||x|
|5||Public and private investors||National||x||x||x||x|
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Tamborrino, R.; Dinler, M.; Patti, E.; Aliberti, A.; Orlando, M.; De Luca, C.; Tondelli, S.; Amirzada, Z.; Pavlova, I. Engaging Users in Resource Ecosystem Building for Local Heritage-Led Knowledge. Sustainability 2022, 14, 4575. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084575
Tamborrino R, Dinler M, Patti E, Aliberti A, Orlando M, De Luca C, Tondelli S, Amirzada Z, Pavlova I. Engaging Users in Resource Ecosystem Building for Local Heritage-Led Knowledge. Sustainability. 2022; 14(8):4575. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084575Chicago/Turabian Style
Tamborrino, Rosa, Mesut Dinler, Edoardo Patti, Alessandro Aliberti, Matteo Orlando, Claudia De Luca, Simona Tondelli, Zahra Amirzada, and Irina Pavlova. 2022. "Engaging Users in Resource Ecosystem Building for Local Heritage-Led Knowledge" Sustainability 14, no. 8: 4575. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14084575