Living Amidst the Ruins in Rome: Archaeological Sites as Hubs for Sustainable Development
1.2. Archaeology, Porosity, Networks and Enclaves: The Four Ecologies of Rome
1.2.1. Archaeology for the Re-Semantization of the Past
1.2.2. Porosity for Nature Conservation and Biodiversity
(…) the natural environment has played an important role in conditioning the urban development of Rome, already from the republican era. Later the monuments have often had the effect of preserving green areas, protected from the intense urban development of the last two centuries; these green areas (in particular the large parks of the patrician villas) join the course of the Tiber and therefore the archaeological wedge that develops from the Roman Forum to the Appian Way. In this manner, the whole city is crossed by a green belt that allows faunistic (e.g., for mammals) and also floristic exchanges. Inside the city a sort of urban ecological network is maintained, which is unusual in large European and Mediterranean cities, and which has an important focal point in the archaeological areas.
1.2.3. Networks and Green Corridors as Wellness Infrastructures
1.2.4. Enclaves for Sociality and Culture
1.2.5. Rome and Its Morphology
1.3. Rome: New Lifestyles for a More Sustainable City
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Three Case Studies in Rome
- The investigation on the Appia Antica Park is part of a national research on archaeological areas in metropolitan contexts, and has matured through on-site visits and data collection, archival research, public conferences, design workshops, students’ thesis, theory seminars, and work sessions to produce interpretative maps. The research was developed in parallel, following the same research methodology in two other case studies: the University of Napoli progressed on the archeological area of Campi Flegrei, and the University of Siracusa on Piazza Armerina . The results of these investigations are compiled in four books [8,31,32,33].
- The study on Rome’s city walls  is ongoing. The research team is operating in thematic groups. Dialogue and interaction are provided through theoretical seminars and design workshops actively involving significant actors (administrators, citizens’ associations, foundations) towards concrete prospects of social, economic and administrative feasibility. The research will be compiled in a publication titled “The Walls of Rome. An ecological and cultural infrastructure for the contemporary city”.
- The research on the ArchaeoGRAB  is starting, and so far, has produced a design workshop and preliminary study seminars. An exhibition at the Galleria Nazionale di Arte Moderna in Rome and publications are under development.
- The Appian Way Park
- Rome’s City Walls
- The ArchaeoGRAB
- Retrieving and recomposing the fragmented territory.
- cartographies (historical, updated, ecological networks, land covers, uses, etc.);
- historical images;
- photographic campaign to explore the current image of the territory;
- survey of criticalities and potentials of the area examined;
- interviews to understand collective needs, lifestyles;
- systematization of the collected data on a georeferenced basis.
- Documentation Regarding Existing National and International Integrated Programs and Pilot Projects (Healthy Corridors, Slow Mobility and Heritage).
- on healthy corridors, green mobility and regeneration of public spaces;
- on tactical urbanism, flexible interventions on public space;
- on cultural itineraries and eco-tourism;
- on the «post-COVID-19 city»;
- on the reuse of existing buildings.
- Analyzing the urban dynamics that can be triggered by the rehabilitation and integration of infrastructural systems.
- thematic studies to understand current and future social dynamics;
- identification of alternative strategies.
- Selection of specific areas and goals to implement pilot projects.
- meetings with heritage superintendencies, archaeological sites, municipalities, environmental organizations, transportation bodies;
- meetings involving local communities and associations operating in the area to discuss strategic objectives;
- detection of the interventions and their capacity to build thematic networks;
- elaboration of interpretative maps and schemes;
- synthesis of data collected to develop design ideas.
3. From the Road to the “Superpark”: A Project for the Appian Way
3.1. Historical Elements
3.2. The Appia Antica Park as a Park of the 21st Century
- The Points (The Hotspots)
- The Lines (The Sustainable Mobility)
- The Surfaces (The Park Landscapes)
- Archaeological parks are usually enclosed areas separated from the city fabric although their ruins belong to the palimpsest of the city. What role do we want to give to this specific form of the past nowadays, especially in more peripherical areas?
- What kind of infrastructure does the city of the twenty-first century need?
- What actions and strategies do we need in Rome today?
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Capuano, A. Living Amidst the Ruins in Rome: Archaeological Sites as Hubs for Sustainable Development. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063180
Capuano A. Living Amidst the Ruins in Rome: Archaeological Sites as Hubs for Sustainable Development. Sustainability. 2022; 14(6):3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063180Chicago/Turabian Style
Capuano, Alessandra. 2022. "Living Amidst the Ruins in Rome: Archaeological Sites as Hubs for Sustainable Development" Sustainability 14, no. 6: 3180. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063180