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Article

Unleashing the Role of CSR and Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior for Organizational Success: The Role of Connectedness to Nature

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School of Economics and Management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
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Accounting Department, College of Administrative and Financial Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh 11673, Saudi Arabia
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Institute of Quality Development Strategy, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
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Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, West University of Timisoara, 300006 Timisoara, Romania
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Department of Finance, College of Administrative and Financial Sciences, Saudi Electronic University, Riyadh 11673, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Diana Rusu and Sorin Popescu
Sustainability 2022, 14(6), 3191; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063191
Received: 31 January 2022 / Revised: 3 March 2022 / Accepted: 6 March 2022 / Published: 8 March 2022
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) and an organization’s financial performance are well discussed in the literature. However, the role of employees to spur the financial performance, especially the mediating effect of employees’ pro-environmental behavior between CSR and financial performance, is not well explored. Literature also shows that connectedness to nature can drive the pro-environmental behavior of individuals. However, the role of connectedness to nature in a CSR–financial performance framework has not been realized. Observing the above knowledge gaps, the current study investigates the CSR-financial performance relationship in the SME sector of a developing country with the mediating effect of employees’ pro-environmental behavior. The current study also notes the conditional indirect effect of connectedness to nature in the above-mediated relationship. A self-administered questionnaire (n = 489) with a paper–pencil technique was employed for data collection. Structural equation modeling was considered to validate the hypothesized relationships. The findings revealed that CSR could lead an SME to a higher level of financial performance via pro-environmental behavior. It was also noted that connectedness to nature produces a significant conditional indirect effect. Such findings have seminal implications for the SME sector, which are discussed in detail. One important implication is to realize the importance of employees’ pro-environmental behavior, through CSR and connectedness to nature, to thrive the financial performance of an SME. View Full-Text
Keywords: CSR; ethical behavior; financial performance; sustainability; SME CSR; ethical behavior; financial performance; sustainability; SME
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hongxin, W.; Khan, M.A.; Zhenqiang, J.; Cismaș, L.-M.; Ali, M.A.; Saleem, U.; Negruț, L. Unleashing the Role of CSR and Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior for Organizational Success: The Role of Connectedness to Nature. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3191. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063191

AMA Style

Hongxin W, Khan MA, Zhenqiang J, Cismaș L-M, Ali MA, Saleem U, Negruț L. Unleashing the Role of CSR and Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior for Organizational Success: The Role of Connectedness to Nature. Sustainability. 2022; 14(6):3191. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063191

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hongxin, Wang, Mohammed Arshad Khan, Jian Zhenqiang, Laura-Mariana Cismaș, Mohammad Athar Ali, Usama Saleem, and Lucia Negruț. 2022. "Unleashing the Role of CSR and Employees’ Pro-Environmental Behavior for Organizational Success: The Role of Connectedness to Nature" Sustainability 14, no. 6: 3191. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063191

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