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Article

Study on the Dust Content in Dead-End Drifts in the Potash Mines for Various Ventilation Modes

1
Mining Institute of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 614007 Perm, Russia
2
Institute of Continuous Media Mechanics of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences Perm, 614013 Perm, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chongchong Qi
Sustainability 2022, 14(5), 3030; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14053030
Received: 9 February 2022 / Revised: 21 February 2022 / Accepted: 1 March 2022 / Published: 4 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Pollution Prevention, Mitigation and Sustainability)
This article deals with the reduction of dust content in the working areas of potash mines in the conditions of operating combines. This problem is topical, since the high dust concentrations in the atmosphere of dead-end drifts lead to the development of occupational diseases among miners, and traditional methods of dust control are often unsuitable for potash salts conditions. We describe the results of experimental studies carried out for the potash mine of the Verkhnekamskoye potassium-magnesium salt deposit. Next, a mathematical model of the dust–air mixture dynamics is formulated and parametrized. The Euler–Euler approach and the model of a homogeneous multicomponent medium are used. The results of a simulation for two ventilation systems (forced and exhaust) are presented. Several options for air flow rates are considered. A conclusion is reached about the most effective parameters of ventilation systems, which allows for minimizing the concentration of dust in the zone of the combine driver. View Full-Text
Keywords: mine ventilation; industrial safety; dust; salt aerosol; mathematical modeling; multiphase flows mine ventilation; industrial safety; dust; salt aerosol; mathematical modeling; multiphase flows
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MDPI and ACS Style

Isaevich, A.; Semin, M.; Levin, L.; Ivantsov, A.; Lyubimova, T. Study on the Dust Content in Dead-End Drifts in the Potash Mines for Various Ventilation Modes. Sustainability 2022, 14, 3030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14053030

AMA Style

Isaevich A, Semin M, Levin L, Ivantsov A, Lyubimova T. Study on the Dust Content in Dead-End Drifts in the Potash Mines for Various Ventilation Modes. Sustainability. 2022; 14(5):3030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14053030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Isaevich, Aleksey, Mikhail Semin, Lev Levin, Andrey Ivantsov, and Tatyana Lyubimova. 2022. "Study on the Dust Content in Dead-End Drifts in the Potash Mines for Various Ventilation Modes" Sustainability 14, no. 5: 3030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14053030

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