Next Article in Journal
Adaptation of the Questionnaire on Teacher Interaction in Tunisia: Teaching Strategies to Promote Sustainable Education in Schools
Next Article in Special Issue
Barriers and Motives for Physical Activity and Sports Practice among Trans People: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Journal
Characteristics of Soil Macrofauna and Its Coupling Relationship with Environmental Factors in the Loess Area of Northern Shaanxi
Previous Article in Special Issue
The “Queen Bee Syndrome” in Sports Federations: An Exploratory Investigation of Gender Stereotypes in Italian Female Coaches
 
 
Concept Paper

Competition, Gender Equality, and Doping in Sports in the Red Queen Effect Perspective

1
Faculty of Sport Science, Ankara University, Ankara 06560, Turkey
2
Sport and Exercise Research Unit, Department of Psychology, Educational Sciences and Human Movement, University of Palermo, 90133 Palermo, Italy
3
Faculty of Sport Science, Gazi University, Ankara 06560, Turkey
4
Faculty of Physical Education and Mountain Sports, Department of Motor Performance, Transivania University of Brasov, 500036 Brasov, Romania
5
Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Sarajevo, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Sidónio Serpa and Antonio Hernández-Mendo
Sustainability 2022, 14(5), 2490; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14052490
Received: 11 January 2022 / Revised: 14 February 2022 / Accepted: 17 February 2022 / Published: 22 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gender Issues in Sport and Leisure Activities)
The nature of sports is characterized by a strong competitive component that generates inequalities among athletes at different levels, specifically in relation to gender, technology, and doping. These inequalities can be represented according to the Red Queen effect perspective, which has been previously hypothesized in other competitive environments (evolutionary biology and economics, for instance). The Red Queen effect considers each competitive environment to require a constant effort to maintain a position of competitive advantage in order reach the best result possible. Therefore, the aim of the current paper is to provide an innovative perspective for the understanding of competition in sports, identifying factors (i.e., physical appearance for gender equality, socioeconomic status of a sport team for technology, and antidoping rules for doping) influencing athletes’ possibilities to win a competition. Concerning gender differences, the disparity between genders reflects a lower coverage in sports news, and media are more likely to focus on female athletes’ physical appearance than their performance in sports. Therefore, women struggle more with increasing their visibility and in affirming their status as an athlete. On the other hand, the introduction of science and technological innovations in sports has generated economic interests in sport competitions, which reached superior performance levels compared to the past. Teams that cannot afford financial burdens of technological innovation risk being left out from sport competitions. Finally, doping creates a Red Queen environment since antidoping rules catch a small portion of athletes using performance enhancement drugs. View Full-Text
Keywords: red queen effect; gender equality; sport competition; performance enhancement drugs; innovation; technology red queen effect; gender equality; sport competition; performance enhancement drugs; innovation; technology
MDPI and ACS Style

Uyar, Y.; Gentile, A.; Uyar, H.; Erdeveciler, Ö.; Sunay, H.; Mîndrescu, V.; Mujkic, D.; Bianco, A. Competition, Gender Equality, and Doping in Sports in the Red Queen Effect Perspective. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2490. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14052490

AMA Style

Uyar Y, Gentile A, Uyar H, Erdeveciler Ö, Sunay H, Mîndrescu V, Mujkic D, Bianco A. Competition, Gender Equality, and Doping in Sports in the Red Queen Effect Perspective. Sustainability. 2022; 14(5):2490. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14052490

Chicago/Turabian Style

Uyar, Yalcin, Ambra Gentile, Hamza Uyar, Övünç Erdeveciler, Hakan Sunay, Veronica Mîndrescu, Dino Mujkic, and Antonino Bianco. 2022. "Competition, Gender Equality, and Doping in Sports in the Red Queen Effect Perspective" Sustainability 14, no. 5: 2490. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14052490

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop