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Article

Strategic Allocation of Development Projects in Post-Conflict Regions: A Gender Perspective for Colombia

German Institute for Development Evaluation (DEval), 53113 Bonn, Germany
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Academic Editors: Angela Wroblewski, Beate Littig and Astrid Segert
Sustainability 2022, 14(4), 2304; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042304
Received: 13 January 2022 / Revised: 7 February 2022 / Accepted: 11 February 2022 / Published: 17 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Gender Dimension in Sustainability Policies and Their Evaluation)
We know little about the general geographic allocation of development projects in post-conflict regions, and specifically of gender-focused projects. In this study, we explore whether donor agencies prefer to work in “safe” places or dare to operate in conflict-affected zones. Using Colombia as a case study, we combine data on battle deaths from the UCDP Georeferenced Event Dataset (1994–2004) with georeferenced information on the location of development projects from the Colombia AIMS dataset (2006–2013) and manually geocode data for German-funded development projects (2012–2018) with gender as a significant objective. Using count models (N = 1120), we find a statistically strong and positive relationship: an increase in battle deaths increases the number of development projects (with and without gender-focus) in a municipality. Interaction models further reveal an amplification of this relationship for regions with a large proportion of female-headed households, as well as a high number of formally employed and literate women. A context-sensitive interpretation of our findings suggests that (1) development projects in general, and German-funded gender-focused projects in particular, dare to operate in post-conflict settings; (2) women may play an active role as community leaders and mobilizers to influence the allocation of development programs to certain regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: conflict; post-conflict; gender; development cooperation; Colombia; geocoding conflict; post-conflict; gender; development cooperation; Colombia; geocoding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nawrotzki, R.J.; Gantner, V.; Balzer, J.; Wencker, T.; Brüntrup-Seidemann, S. Strategic Allocation of Development Projects in Post-Conflict Regions: A Gender Perspective for Colombia. Sustainability 2022, 14, 2304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042304

AMA Style

Nawrotzki RJ, Gantner V, Balzer J, Wencker T, Brüntrup-Seidemann S. Strategic Allocation of Development Projects in Post-Conflict Regions: A Gender Perspective for Colombia. Sustainability. 2022; 14(4):2304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nawrotzki, Raphael J., Verena Gantner, Jana Balzer, Thomas Wencker, and Sabine Brüntrup-Seidemann. 2022. "Strategic Allocation of Development Projects in Post-Conflict Regions: A Gender Perspective for Colombia" Sustainability 14, no. 4: 2304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14042304

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