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The Association between University Students’ Achievement Goal Orientation and Academic Engagement: Examining the Mediating Role of Perceived School Climate and Academic Self-Efficacy

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School of Education, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
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School of Teacher Education, Yuxi Normal University, Yuxi 653100, China
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School of Psychology, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070, China
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Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, The George Washington University, Washington, DC 20052, USA
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Department of Psychology, University of Chittagong, Chattogram 4331, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rosabel Roig-Vila
Sustainability 2022, 14(10), 6304; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106304
Received: 6 May 2022 / Revised: 17 May 2022 / Accepted: 17 May 2022 / Published: 22 May 2022
Enhancing academic engagement in university students can help enrich students’ educational experience. Drawing on the Conservation of Resources Model and the Job Demand-Resources Model, this study aims to explore the links between undergraduates’ achievement goal orientation and academic engagement (AE), by examining the mediating functions of perceived school climate (PSC) and academic self-efficacy (ASE). Using whole-group sampling, 571 Chinese undergraduates were selected using a self-reporting method to explore the impacts of mastery-approach goals (MAGs) and performance-avoidance goals (PAGs) on AE, as well as the chain mediating effects of PSC and ASE. The findings show that both MAGs and PAGs have a positive, direct, predictive effect on university students’ AE. Additionally, both goal orientations indirectly predict AE through PSC and ASE, separately. The results showed there was also a significant chain mediating effect of PSC and ASE, where for both goal orientations, AE was positively predicted. This study highlights the role of environmental as well as personal factors in facilitating self-regulated learning among university students, and it discusses implications for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: achievement goal orientation; perceived school climate; academic self-efficacy; academic engagement achievement goal orientation; perceived school climate; academic self-efficacy; academic engagement
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, Y.; Guan, X.; Ahmed, M.Z.; Jobe, M.C.; Ahmed, O. The Association between University Students’ Achievement Goal Orientation and Academic Engagement: Examining the Mediating Role of Perceived School Climate and Academic Self-Efficacy. Sustainability 2022, 14, 6304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106304

AMA Style

Zhang Y, Guan X, Ahmed MZ, Jobe MC, Ahmed O. The Association between University Students’ Achievement Goal Orientation and Academic Engagement: Examining the Mediating Role of Perceived School Climate and Academic Self-Efficacy. Sustainability. 2022; 14(10):6304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106304

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Yaqi, Xiangli Guan, Md Zahir Ahmed, Mary C. Jobe, and Oli Ahmed. 2022. "The Association between University Students’ Achievement Goal Orientation and Academic Engagement: Examining the Mediating Role of Perceived School Climate and Academic Self-Efficacy" Sustainability 14, no. 10: 6304. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14106304

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