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Article

Implications of COVID-19 Mitigation Policies for National Well-Being: A Systems Perspective

1
Advancing Systems Analysis Program, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA), 2361 Laxenburg, Austria
2
Faculty of Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, GSP-1, Leninskie Gory, 119991 Moscow, Russia
3
Department of Geography, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Jerusalem 9190501, Israel
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paola Cerchiello, Branka Hadji Misheva and Shatha Qamhieh
Sustainability 2022, 14(1), 433; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010433
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 6 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 31 December 2021
The ongoing COVID-19 crisis and measures aimed at curbing the pandemic have a widespread impact on various aspects of well-being, such as housing, social connections, and others. Moreover, COVID-19 does not affect all population groups equally. This study analyzes the impact of major COVID-19 non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) on a set of national well-being indicators from the most recent version of the OECD Well-Being Framework. Using causal loop diagrams (systems maps), we consider direct and indirect effects of these policies on various components of the national well-being system. Our results show that business closures directly and/or indirectly impact more national well-being components than any other policy. The most affected national well-being components by all policies are life satisfaction, perceived health, and prevalence of depressive symptoms. In addition, we specify how the impact of the anti-pandemic measures differs for various population strata, using the degree of income and employment loss as key stratifying variables. Our insights can be helpful to identify and promote measures that can alleviate the adverse effects of the COVID-19 crisis on the national well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; national well-being; systems thinking; causal loop diagram COVID-19; national well-being; systems thinking; causal loop diagram
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MDPI and ACS Style

Strelkovskii, N.; Rovenskaya, E.; Ilmola-Sheppard, L.; Bartmann, R.; Rein-Sapir, Y.; Feitelson, E. Implications of COVID-19 Mitigation Policies for National Well-Being: A Systems Perspective. Sustainability 2022, 14, 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010433

AMA Style

Strelkovskii N, Rovenskaya E, Ilmola-Sheppard L, Bartmann R, Rein-Sapir Y, Feitelson E. Implications of COVID-19 Mitigation Policies for National Well-Being: A Systems Perspective. Sustainability. 2022; 14(1):433. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010433

Chicago/Turabian Style

Strelkovskii, Nikita, Elena Rovenskaya, Leena Ilmola-Sheppard, Robin Bartmann, Yonat Rein-Sapir, and Eran Feitelson. 2022. "Implications of COVID-19 Mitigation Policies for National Well-Being: A Systems Perspective" Sustainability 14, no. 1: 433. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010433

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