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Article

Psychological Restorative Potential of a Pilot on-Campus Ecological Wetland in Malaysia

1
Food Technology Program, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Gelugor 11800, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
2
River Engineering and Urban Drainage Research Center, Engineering Campus, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Nibong Tebal 14300, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alejandro Rescia
Sustainability 2022, 14(1), 246; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010246
Received: 9 November 2021 / Revised: 22 December 2021 / Accepted: 22 December 2021 / Published: 27 December 2021
This study examines the perceptions and engagement tendencies of 788 university students, as well as their relationship with psychological distress, with respect to an on-campus ecological wetland. The students’ awareness, understanding, perceived importance, satisfaction level, and engagement tendency towards the ecological wetland were evaluated using a structured questionnaire. The psychological symptoms were assessed using the Rosenberg Self-Esteem and depression, anxiety, and stress scales, and the predictors of psychological distress were determined. The majority of the students were actively engaged (62.3%), aware (88.3%), and satisfied (51.0%) with the ecological wetland. Gender, age, educational attainment, engagement, perceived importance, and satisfaction level towards the ecological wetland were the predictors of psychological distress. The results outlined the environmental and mental restorative values of the ecological wetland in mediating psychological distress among the university students. These findings shed light on the necessity of preserving the sustainability and integrity of the on-campus ecological wetland. Longitudinal investigations to explore the restorative values of built environments and psychological wellbeing among high-risk populations are warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: restoration; built environment; wetland; students; psychological distress restoration; built environment; wetland; students; psychological distress
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, L.K.; Zakaria, N.A.; Foo, K.Y. Psychological Restorative Potential of a Pilot on-Campus Ecological Wetland in Malaysia. Sustainability 2022, 14, 246. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010246

AMA Style

Lee LK, Zakaria NA, Foo KY. Psychological Restorative Potential of a Pilot on-Campus Ecological Wetland in Malaysia. Sustainability. 2022; 14(1):246. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010246

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Lai K., Nor A. Zakaria, and Keng Y. Foo. 2022. "Psychological Restorative Potential of a Pilot on-Campus Ecological Wetland in Malaysia" Sustainability 14, no. 1: 246. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010246

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