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Article

A Mixed-Method Study of Programme Management Resources and Social Enterprise Sustainability: A Developing-Country Context

1
Garden Campus, Institute of Business Studies and Leadership, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200, Pakistan
2
College of Business and Economics, Qatar University, Doha 2713, Qatar
3
Department of Computer Science, Kardan University, Kabul 1003, Afghanistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Wen-Hsien Tsai
Sustainability 2022, 14(1), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010114
Received: 22 September 2021 / Revised: 26 October 2021 / Accepted: 15 November 2021 / Published: 23 December 2021
This research investigates the relationship between enterprise environmental factors (EEFs) and programme management (PgM) resources, and subsequently how PgM resources and sustainability integrate into social enterprise. With a resource-based view (RBV) concept as the theoretical starting point, a systematic literature review identified EEFs relating to PgM resources, and PgM resources relating to sustainability in private and public organisations. A mixed-method research approach was used that is founded on a sequential exploratory strategy. In the preliminary phase, meta qualitative analysis was conducted; in the second phase, 16 semi structured interviews were undertaken to customise and confirm the concepts by using thematic analysis within 4 selected case studies. In the final phase, the model was validated by a survey that returned (n = 302) completed questionnaires from around Pakistan, and the used method of analysis was PLS-SEM. These research findings highlight that PgM resources within social enterprises are highly influential and dependent on external and internal EEFs, and that PgM resources are critical to consider for social enterprise sustainability. In addition, this study highlights that PgM resources positively influence social, economic, and environmental sustainability in SEs. Furthermore, this study developed a validated novel theoretical framework. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; social enterprise; programme management resources; enterprise environmental factors; resource-based view; mixed-method; PLS-SEM; Pakistan sustainability; social enterprise; programme management resources; enterprise environmental factors; resource-based view; mixed-method; PLS-SEM; Pakistan
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MDPI and ACS Style

Din, A.u.; Shah, S.M.A.; El-Gohary, H.; Ur Rahman, R.; Haleem, M.; Jehangir, M.; Khalil, S.H.; Sayyam. A Mixed-Method Study of Programme Management Resources and Social Enterprise Sustainability: A Developing-Country Context. Sustainability 2022, 14, 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010114

AMA Style

Din Au, Shah SMA, El-Gohary H, Ur Rahman R, Haleem M, Jehangir M, Khalil SH, Sayyam. A Mixed-Method Study of Programme Management Resources and Social Enterprise Sustainability: A Developing-Country Context. Sustainability. 2022; 14(1):114. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Din, Arif ud, Syed Mohsin Ali Shah, Hatem El-Gohary, Raza Ur Rahman, Muhammad Haleem, Muhammad Jehangir, Syed Haider Khalil, and Sayyam. 2022. "A Mixed-Method Study of Programme Management Resources and Social Enterprise Sustainability: A Developing-Country Context" Sustainability 14, no. 1: 114. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14010114

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