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Article

What Affects the E-Bicycle Speed Perception in the Era of Eco-Sustainable Mobility: A Driving Simulator Study

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Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Montenegro, Podgorica 81000, Montenegro
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Academy of Professional Studies Sumadija, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
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Faculty of Transport and Traffic Engineering, University of Belgrade, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia
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Faculty of Engineering, University of Kragujevac, 34000 Kragujevac, Serbia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mouloud Denai
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 5252; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095252
Received: 9 April 2021 / Revised: 4 May 2021 / Accepted: 4 May 2021 / Published: 7 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Sustainable Transportation)
The increase in the number of electric bicycles worldwide has resulted in a rise in the number of traffic accidents involving e-bicyclists. Previous studies have been based on analyzing the use, advantages and disadvantages of e-bicycles, whereas only a small number of studies have been focused on analyzing the e-bicycle traffic safety, particularly the factors leading to the occurrence of traffic accidents. One of the factors affecting the occurrence of traffic accidents is the incorrect perception of the e-bicycle speed by other traffic participants. To examine the mentioned problem, the authors of this paper conducted an experimental study to determine what affects the e-bicycle speed perception. The experiment included 175 participants, aged 18 to 50. The research was conducted under laboratory conditions using a driving simulator, at different e-bicycle speeds (10 km/h, 20 km/h and 30 km/h), in the situations in which the e-bicyclist was (not) using a reflective vest. The results show statistically significant differences in the e-bicycle speed perception when the e-bicyclist does not use/uses a reflective vest. Besides, the driving licence categories of traffic participants and their driving experience also have a significant impact on the perception of the e-bicycle speed. View Full-Text
Keywords: speed perception; driving simulator; e-bicycles; traffic safety; reflective vest speed perception; driving simulator; e-bicycles; traffic safety; reflective vest
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MDPI and ACS Style

Simović, S.; Ivanišević, T.; Trifunović, A.; Čičević, S.; Taranović, D. What Affects the E-Bicycle Speed Perception in the Era of Eco-Sustainable Mobility: A Driving Simulator Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095252

AMA Style

Simović S, Ivanišević T, Trifunović A, Čičević S, Taranović D. What Affects the E-Bicycle Speed Perception in the Era of Eco-Sustainable Mobility: A Driving Simulator Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Simović, Sreten, Tijana Ivanišević, Aleksandar Trifunović, Svetlana Čičević, and Dragan Taranović. 2021. "What Affects the E-Bicycle Speed Perception in the Era of Eco-Sustainable Mobility: A Driving Simulator Study" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 5252. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095252

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