Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis
2. Materials and Methods
2.1. Social Life Cycle Assessment
2.2. Indigenous Methodologies and Indigenous Standpoint
3. S-LCA in a Sámi Context (Results)
- Goal and scope are decided, what is the purpose of the study and the breadth and depth?
- A social life cycle inventory is conducted, including some or all of the following depending on which type of S-LCA is being conducted: Identifying what data to collect; Collecting data for selected and/or relevant stakeholders and subcategories as well as complementary data for impact assessment (if needed); Collecting site-specific and generic data for activity variables and unit processes; and Collecting data for weighting and scoring.
- A social life cycle impact assessment is made, this involves understanding and evaluating the potential social impacts of the product, organization or service being assessed. It can be analyzing social impacts that have occurred, are occurring or will occur in the future. The focus is on potential social impacts understood as: “the likely presence of a social impact, resulting from the activities/behaviors of organizations linked to the life cycle of the product or service and from the use of the product itself.”  (p. 80).
- Interpretation of data, this includes a full review of all data collected and the formulation of conclusions and recommendations.
- The reindeer shy away from windmills even if they stand on prime grazing land.
- Placing this wind farm in this location will severely shrink this community’s access to reindeer grazing in the winter.
- This will impede traditional reindeer husbandry and might force the community to support feed (as the reindeer cannot access any lichen, they must be fed pellets or hay) their animals, this is costly and time consuming as well as bad for the reindeers’ health.
- In the long run this might force the community to give up reindeer herding.
- This will affect their connections to their lands and how they can retain the language and the culture.
- It will also affect knowledge transfer, if the land cannot be used, the stories connected to it will be silenced. Thus, many young people will not be able to access knowledge about the area, the knowledge about how the land was once used will disappear.
- The community says that this can create negative health and well-being issues.
4. S-LCA and Indigenous Peoples (Discussion)
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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Sehlin MacNeil, K.; Daniels-Mayes, S.; Akbar, S.; Marsh, J.; Wik-Karlsson, J.; Össbo, Å. Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5158. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095158
Sehlin MacNeil K, Daniels-Mayes S, Akbar S, Marsh J, Wik-Karlsson J, Össbo Å. Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):5158. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095158Chicago/Turabian Style
Sehlin MacNeil, Kristina, Sheelagh Daniels-Mayes, Skye Akbar, Jillian Marsh, Jenny Wik-Karlsson, and Åsa Össbo. 2021. "Social Life Cycle Assessment Used in Indigenous Contexts: A Critical Analysis" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 5158. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13095158