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Article

Key Approaches, Risks, and Product Performance in Managing the Development Process of Complex Products Sustainably

1
CFisUC, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, The University of Coimbra, Rua Larga, P-3004 516 Coimbra, Portugal
2
Department of Industrial Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
3
Raytheon Chair for Systems Engineering, Advanced Manufacturing Institute, King Saud University, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paolo Cicconi, Marco Mandolini, Beata Mrugalska, Marta Rossi, Alessandra Papetti, Yingjie Yang, Paolo Salini and Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2021, 13(9), 4727; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094727
Received: 8 January 2021 / Revised: 6 April 2021 / Accepted: 10 April 2021 / Published: 23 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Lean Manufacturing Strategies and Energy Management for Industry 4.0)
In the Industry 4.0 environment, being sustainably competitive is essential in global markets. In an endeavor to optimize the added value in the design process of complex products such as robots, managing the development process of such products is studied. The present study identifies the level of product performance that yields maximum return on product development in Industry 4.0. The study also identifies and reviews the key approaches to understanding and managing the design process of such complex products. It has been found that the hybrid approach is the most efficient approach. The study proposes an approach to effectively manage risk in the product design process that hybridizes attributes of both the lean and agile design paradigms. The proposed approach has been validated using five case studies with 99% level of statistical confidence. The results of this study enable efficient development of complex products such as robotic systems towards realizing sustainable competitiveness. View Full-Text
Keywords: design methods and strategies; lean manufacturing; Industry 4.0; flexible logistics; Life Cycle Analysis; integrated approaches to sustainable development; integrated design; industrial design design methods and strategies; lean manufacturing; Industry 4.0; flexible logistics; Life Cycle Analysis; integrated approaches to sustainable development; integrated design; industrial design
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MDPI and ACS Style

Almoslehy, S.A.M.; Alkahtani, M.S. Key Approaches, Risks, and Product Performance in Managing the Development Process of Complex Products Sustainably. Sustainability 2021, 13, 4727. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094727

AMA Style

Almoslehy SAM, Alkahtani MS. Key Approaches, Risks, and Product Performance in Managing the Development Process of Complex Products Sustainably. Sustainability. 2021; 13(9):4727. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094727

Chicago/Turabian Style

Almoslehy, Salah Ahmed Mohamed, and Mohammed Saad Alkahtani. 2021. "Key Approaches, Risks, and Product Performance in Managing the Development Process of Complex Products Sustainably" Sustainability 13, no. 9: 4727. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13094727

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