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The Employees’ State of Mind during COVID-19: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective

Department of Corporate Communication, Faculty of Media and Knowledge Sciences, University of Malta, 2080 Msida, Malta
Academic Editor: Natalio Extremera
Sustainability 2021, 13(7), 3634; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073634
Received: 3 March 2021 / Revised: 16 March 2021 / Accepted: 22 March 2021 / Published: 25 March 2021
The unprecedented outbreak of the Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic had a devastating effect on the global economy. Many businesses experienced a significant decline in their business activities. As a result, their employees were concerned on their job security and long-term employment prospects. This research explores the service employees’ motivations in their workplace environment and sheds light on their perceptions about their employers’ corporate social responsibility (CSR). The methodology integrated key measures from the self-determination theory (SDT), CSR, job security and organizational performance. A structural equations modelling (SEM-PLS3) approach was used to analyze the proposed research model. The findings confirmed that the employees’ intrinsic motivations were significantly predicting their organizational performance. Their identified motivations, job security as well as their employers’ social responsibility were significant antecedents of their intrinsic motivations. Moreover, there were significant indirect effects that predicted the employees’ productivity in their workplace during COVID-19. View Full-Text
Keywords: external motivation; intrinsic motivation; identified motivation; introjected motivation; job security; corporate social responsibility external motivation; intrinsic motivation; identified motivation; introjected motivation; job security; corporate social responsibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Camilleri, M.A. The Employees’ State of Mind during COVID-19: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073634

AMA Style

Camilleri MA. The Employees’ State of Mind during COVID-19: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective. Sustainability. 2021; 13(7):3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073634

Chicago/Turabian Style

Camilleri, Mark A. 2021. "The Employees’ State of Mind during COVID-19: A Self-Determination Theory Perspective" Sustainability 13, no. 7: 3634. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13073634

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