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Review

Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Public Mental Health: An Extensive Narrative Review

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Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Tajo Street s/n, 28670 Madrid, Spain
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Grupo de Investigación en Cultura, Educación y Sociedad, Universidad de la Costa, 080002 Barranquilla, Colombia
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Studies Centre in Applied Combat (CESCA), 45007 Toledo, Spain
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Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Simón Bolívar, 080002 Barranquilla, Colombia
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Departamento de Didáctica de la Educación Física y Salud, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja, 26006 Logroño, Spain
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Facultad de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas, Universidad de la Costa, 080002 Barranquilla, Colombia
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Nonaffiliated Independent Researcher, 00002 Barranquilla, Colombia
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Vicerrectoría De Investigación e Innovación, Universidad Simón Bolívar, 080002 Barranquilla, Colombia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Serik Meirmanov
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3221; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063221
Received: 16 January 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 6 March 2021 / Published: 15 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Public Health and Social Science on COVID-19)
The Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has surprised health authorities around the world producing a global health crisis. This research discusses the main psychosocial stressors associated with COVID-19 in the literature, and the responses of global public mental health services to these events. Thus, a consensus and critical review were performed using both primary sources, such as scientific articles and secondary ones, such as bibliographic indexes, web pages, and databases. The main search engines were PubMed, SciELO, and Google Scholar. The method was a systematic literature review (SLR) of the available literature regarding mental health services during the COVID-19 pandemic to conduct the present narrative review. Different stressors are identified in this pandemic, from psychophysiological, confinement, to social and work. Depending on the level of severity and the country of origin, various interventions have been applied that mark different ways of returning to normality and preparing new interventions. This new stressor has a direct impact on the mental health of the population, provoking governments, and health services to become more flexible, innovate and adapt to the changing situation. The use of technology and mass media could be an important tool in this aim. Independent of this, preparing the general population for possible future waves of the pandemic is currently the best measure to mitigate more serious effects on the mental health of the population. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; pandemic; stress; anxiety; quarantine COVID-19; pandemic; stress; anxiety; quarantine
MDPI and ACS Style

Clemente-Suárez, V.J.; Navarro-Jiménez, E.; Jimenez, M.; Hormeño-Holgado, A.; Martinez-Gonzalez, M.B.; Benitez-Agudelo, J.C.; Perez-Palencia, N.; Laborde-Cárdenas, C.C.; Tornero-Aguilera, J.F. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Public Mental Health: An Extensive Narrative Review. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063221

AMA Style

Clemente-Suárez VJ, Navarro-Jiménez E, Jimenez M, Hormeño-Holgado A, Martinez-Gonzalez MB, Benitez-Agudelo JC, Perez-Palencia N, Laborde-Cárdenas CC, Tornero-Aguilera JF. Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Public Mental Health: An Extensive Narrative Review. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063221

Chicago/Turabian Style

Clemente-Suárez, Vicente J., Eduardo Navarro-Jiménez, Manuel Jimenez, Alberto Hormeño-Holgado, Marina B. Martinez-Gonzalez, Juan C. Benitez-Agudelo, Natalia Perez-Palencia, Carmen C. Laborde-Cárdenas, and Jose F. Tornero-Aguilera 2021. "Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic in Public Mental Health: An Extensive Narrative Review" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3221. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063221

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