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Article

Analysis of the Behavior of Abstractions in Two Urban Micro-Basins of the City of Cuenca (Ecuador), through an Aggregate Model

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Programa para el Manejo del Agua y del Suelo PROMAS, Universidad de Cuenca, Av. 12 de Abril y Av. Loja, Cuenca 010203, Ecuador
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Empresa Pública Municipal de Telecomunicaciones, Agua Potable, Alcantarillado y Saneamiento de Cuenca ETAPA EP, Benigno Malo 7-78 y Mariscal Sucre, Cuenca 010101, Ecuador
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Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de Cuenca, Av. 12 de Abril y Av. Loja, Cuenca 010203, Ecuador
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sang Ug Kim
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3209; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063209
Received: 5 December 2020 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 21 February 2021 / Published: 15 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydrological Responses by Climate Change and Human Activities)
Several cities in developing countries are challenging the permanent process of urbanization. This generates a great disturbance on the hydrological response of the urbanized area during rainfall events, which can cause floods. Among the disturbances that urbanized basins may suffer, it is found that variations in rain losses (hydrological abstractions) can be estimated by the named volumetric runoff coefficient (CVOL) methodology. In the present study, this methodology is used in an attempt to estimate the hydrological abstraction of two nearby urbanized basins, with different degrees of impermeability, located in the city of Cuenca in Ecuador. The data for that analysis were collected between April and May of 2017. The results obtained indicate that the micro-basin with the largest impervious area presents the higher initial hydrological losses, the higher rate of decrease in abstractions, and the higher stormwater runoff flows per unit area. In addition, the abstractions found in the two urban micro-basins show great sensitivity to the maximum rainfall intensity and do not relate to the antecedent soil moisture. These results demonstrate the importance of having higher pervious surfaces in urbanized areas because they lead to reduce negative impacts associated with increased stormwater runoff on impervious surfaces. View Full-Text
Keywords: urban hydrology; hydrologic response; volumetric runoff coefficient; hydrological abstractions urban hydrology; hydrologic response; volumetric runoff coefficient; hydrological abstractions
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rubio-Ramírez, R.; Jerves-Cobo, R.; Mora-Serrano, D. Analysis of the Behavior of Abstractions in Two Urban Micro-Basins of the City of Cuenca (Ecuador), through an Aggregate Model. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3209. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063209

AMA Style

Rubio-Ramírez R, Jerves-Cobo R, Mora-Serrano D. Analysis of the Behavior of Abstractions in Two Urban Micro-Basins of the City of Cuenca (Ecuador), through an Aggregate Model. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3209. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063209

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rubio-Ramírez, Ricardo, Rubén Jerves-Cobo, and Diego Mora-Serrano. 2021. "Analysis of the Behavior of Abstractions in Two Urban Micro-Basins of the City of Cuenca (Ecuador), through an Aggregate Model" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3209. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13063209

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