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Electric Vehicles and Psychology

Electric Vehicles in Jordan: Challenges and Limitations

Energy Engineering Department, German Jordanian University, Amman 11180, Jordan
Mechanical Engineering Department, Higher Colleges of Technology, Al Ain P.O. Box 17155, United Arab Emirates
School of Electrical, Electronic and Computer Engineering, University of Newcastle, Newcastle NE1 7RU, UK
E.DIS Netz GmbH, 15517 Fürstenwalde/Spree, Germany
Department of Electrical Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Vítor Monteiro and João L. Afonso
Sustainability 2021, 13(6), 3199;
Received: 14 February 2021 / Revised: 10 March 2021 / Accepted: 12 March 2021 / Published: 15 March 2021
An increasing number of electric vehicles (EVs) are replacing gasoline vehicles in the automobile market due to the economic and environmental benefits. The high penetration of EVs is one of the main challenges in the future smart grid. As a result of EV charging, an excessive overloading is expected in different elements of the power system, especially at the distribution level. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of EVs on the distribution system under three loading conditions (light, intermediate, and full). For each case, we estimate the maximum number of EVs that can be charged simultaneously before reaching different system limitations, including the undervoltage, overcurrent, and transformer capacity limit. Finally, we use the 19-node distribution system to study these limitations under different loading conditions. The 19-node system is one of the typical distribution systems in Jordan. Our work estimates the upper limit of the possible EV penetration before reaching the system stability margins. View Full-Text
Keywords: electric vehicles; distribution system; load profile; power system modeling; 19-node distribution system electric vehicles; distribution system; load profile; power system modeling; 19-node distribution system
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shalalfeh, L.; AlShalalfeh, A.; Alkaradsheh, K.; Alhamarneh, M.; Bashaireh, A. Electric Vehicles in Jordan: Challenges and Limitations. Sustainability 2021, 13, 3199.

AMA Style

Shalalfeh L, AlShalalfeh A, Alkaradsheh K, Alhamarneh M, Bashaireh A. Electric Vehicles in Jordan: Challenges and Limitations. Sustainability. 2021; 13(6):3199.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shalalfeh, Laith, Ashraf AlShalalfeh, Khaled Alkaradsheh, Mahmoud Alhamarneh, and Ahmad Bashaireh. 2021. "Electric Vehicles in Jordan: Challenges and Limitations" Sustainability 13, no. 6: 3199.

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