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Dynamics of Transit Oriented Development, Role of Greenhouse Gases and Urban Environment: A Study for Management and Policy

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Collage of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China
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Management Studies Department, Bahria University, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan
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Center of Mobility and Spatial Planning (AMRP), Ghent University, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
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Asia-Australia Business College, Liaoning University, Shenyang 110036, China
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Department of Zoology, College of Science, King Saud University, Riyadah 11451, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Civil Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering & Technology, Multan 60000, Pakistan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equally contributor in the study.
Academic Editor: Mohammad Aslam Khan Khalil
Sustainability 2021, 13(5), 2536; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052536
Received: 1 February 2021 / Revised: 14 February 2021 / Accepted: 14 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
The emission and mitigation of greenhouse gases transforms the status of urban environments. However, a policy accounting for all the aspects associated with transport is lacking. Problems related to transport include a greater reliance on cars, increased congestion, and environmental impacts. The absence of an efficient public transport system is a notable cause of the prompt escalation of diverse problems, for example, increases in the number of personal automobiles causes congestion on the road, resulting in air pollution, ubiquitous greenhouse effects and noise pollution, which ultimately affect human health. Transit oriented development (TOD) has been suggested as a solution to these problems. This paper reviews the impacts of transit development on urban development, greenhouse impact, the environment, economy, property value, travel behavior, and health etc., highlighting the policy issues which hinder TOD. Implementation of TOD has a strong impact on shaping the urban form, redevelopment, and the upgradation of old areas. Controlling transit phenomena will also help to control the emission and mitigation of greenhouse gases. This study will help in improving the urban environment and climatic condition of regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; urban development; transit; travelling; greenhouse gasses; transport policy sustainability; urban development; transit; travelling; greenhouse gasses; transport policy
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ali, L.; Nawaz, A.; Iqbal, S.; Aamir Basheer, M.; Hameed, J.; Albasher, G.; Shah, S.A.R.; Bai, Y. Dynamics of Transit Oriented Development, Role of Greenhouse Gases and Urban Environment: A Study for Management and Policy. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2536. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052536

AMA Style

Ali L, Nawaz A, Iqbal S, Aamir Basheer M, Hameed J, Albasher G, Shah SAR, Bai Y. Dynamics of Transit Oriented Development, Role of Greenhouse Gases and Urban Environment: A Study for Management and Policy. Sustainability. 2021; 13(5):2536. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052536

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ali, Liaqat, Ahsan Nawaz, Shahid Iqbal, Muhammad Aamir Basheer, Javaria Hameed, Gadah Albasher, Syyed Adnan Raheel Shah, and Yong Bai. 2021. "Dynamics of Transit Oriented Development, Role of Greenhouse Gases and Urban Environment: A Study for Management and Policy" Sustainability 13, no. 5: 2536. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052536

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