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How Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change Can Help Coastal Communities through a Participatory Approach

UNESCO Chair in Community Sustainability: From Local to Global, Department of Biological Sciences, Brock University, 1812 Sir Isaac Brock Way, St. Catharines, ON L2S 3A1, Canada
Academic Editor: Mohammad Valipour
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2344; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042344
Received: 3 February 2021 / Revised: 17 February 2021 / Accepted: 18 February 2021 / Published: 22 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Placing Climate Action)
Coastal rural communities worldwide face many challenges not only related to climate change but also extreme events, environmental degradation, population growth or aging, and conflict usage of the ecosystem. Historically, the economies of coastal communities have been based on the exploitation of natural resources, thus shaping its socioeconomic development. This has led to some limitations in the way these communities can now adapt to climate change. In Canada, coastal communities are increasingly dealing with climate change consequences. Sea level rise, coastal erosion, and increasing frequency in storm surges threaten the fragility of both natural and human systems. Various approaches have been used to try to reduce the vulnerability and improve adaptive capacity of communities. One approach, promoted by many organizations including the United Nations, is ecosystem-based adaptation. This approach is part of the series of nature-based solutions that help social–ecological systems become more resilient; by promoting biodiversity conservation and ecosystem services, this approach also relates to principles of community engagement and supports adaptive governance and social inclusion. This paper describes and analyzes these principles and considers strategies for ensuring community engagement. Combining ecosystem-based adaptation with a strong community engagement can enhance the long-term sustainability of the social-ecological system. View Full-Text
Keywords: community engagement; community sustainability; nature-based solutions; climate change; adaptation; participatory action research community engagement; community sustainability; nature-based solutions; climate change; adaptation; participatory action research
MDPI and ACS Style

Vasseur, L. How Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change Can Help Coastal Communities through a Participatory Approach. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042344

AMA Style

Vasseur L. How Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change Can Help Coastal Communities through a Participatory Approach. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042344

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vasseur, Liette. 2021. "How Ecosystem-Based Adaptation to Climate Change Can Help Coastal Communities through a Participatory Approach" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2344. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042344

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Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

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