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Analysis of Product-Country Image from Consumer’s Perspective: The Impact of Subjective Knowledge, Perceived Risk and Media Influence

Department of Economics and Business, University of Almería (CeiA3), CIMEDES. Ctra. Sacramento, s/n, 04120 Almería, Spain
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Academic Editors: Andrei P. Kirilenko and Andrea Pérez
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2194; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042194
Received: 9 September 2020 / Revised: 22 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Services Marketing and Sustainability)
Limited research has empirically explored the antecedents that explain product-country image in the context of international marketing. This topic is particularly important as consumers’ concerns about sustainability and the country of origin are relevant factors influencing purchase decisions relating to foreign products. This study addresses the gap by developing a causal relationship model to explain which are the main determinants of how consumers perceive product-country image on the basis of key aspects that define sustainability (environmental, social, quality/safety, and economic factors). This research is focused on the Spanish horticultural sector, Europe’s leading fresh produce supplier, which has historically experienced major crises that have affected its image abroad. The model is tested by using PLS-SEM on a sample of 303 consumers in Germany, one of the main destination markets of Spanish horticultural products. The results indicate that consumers’ subjective knowledge about image crises of the country and its products/services and consumers’ perceived risk of these products and information sources (organic and induced image) influence the formation of product-country image. The results have implications in the design of marketing campaigns and in the improvement of sustainable strategies for international companies. View Full-Text
Keywords: product-country image; image crises; subjective knowledge; perceived risk; organic and induced image; Spanish horticultural sector product-country image; image crises; subjective knowledge; perceived risk; organic and induced image; Spanish horticultural sector
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MDPI and ACS Style

Serrano-Arcos, M.d.M.; Sánchez-Fernández, R.; Pérez-Mesa, J.C. Analysis of Product-Country Image from Consumer’s Perspective: The Impact of Subjective Knowledge, Perceived Risk and Media Influence. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2194. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042194

AMA Style

Serrano-Arcos MdM, Sánchez-Fernández R, Pérez-Mesa JC. Analysis of Product-Country Image from Consumer’s Perspective: The Impact of Subjective Knowledge, Perceived Risk and Media Influence. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2194. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042194

Chicago/Turabian Style

Serrano-Arcos, María del Mar, Raquel Sánchez-Fernández, and Juan Carlos Pérez-Mesa. 2021. "Analysis of Product-Country Image from Consumer’s Perspective: The Impact of Subjective Knowledge, Perceived Risk and Media Influence" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2194. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042194

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