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Article

A Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Telerehabilitation System for Use in the COVID-19 Pandemic

1
SISAu Research Group, Facultad de Ingeniería y Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación, Universidad Tecnológica Indoamérica, Ambato 180103, Ecuador
2
Department of Electronic Engineering and Communications, University of Zaragoza, 44003 Teruel, Spain
3
Escuela Superior de Ingeniería y Tecnología, Universidad Internacional de la Rioja, 26006 Logroño, Spain
4
Department of Software Engineering and Artificial Intelligence, Complutense University of Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc A. Rosen
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 2183; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042183
Received: 26 January 2021 / Revised: 3 February 2021 / Accepted: 10 February 2021 / Published: 18 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Optimising E-health System for Sustainable Healthcare)
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed people’s lives and the way in which certain services are provided. Such changes are not uncommon in healthcare services and they will have to adapt to the new situation by increasing the number of services remotely offered. Limited mobility has resulted in interruption of treatments that traditionally have been administered through face-to-face modalities, especially those related to cognitive impairments. In this telerehabilitation approach, both the patient and the specialist physician enter a virtual reality (VR) environment where they can interact in real time through avatars. A spaced retrieval (SR) task is implemented in the system to analyze cognitive performance. An experimental group (n = 20) performed the SR task in telerehabilitation mode, whereas a control group (n = 20) performed the SR task through a traditional face-to-face mode. The obtained results showed that it is possible to carry out cognitive rehabilitation processes through a telerehabilitation modality in conjunction with VR. The cost-effectiveness of the system will also contribute to making healthcare systems more efficient, overcoming both geographical and temporal limitations. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive impairment; COVID-19; spaced retrieval; telerehabilitation; virtual reality cognitive impairment; COVID-19; spaced retrieval; telerehabilitation; virtual reality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Varela-Aldás, J.; Buele, J.; Ramos Lorente, P.; García-Magariño, I.; Palacios-Navarro, G. A Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Telerehabilitation System for Use in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability 2021, 13, 2183. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042183

AMA Style

Varela-Aldás J, Buele J, Ramos Lorente P, García-Magariño I, Palacios-Navarro G. A Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Telerehabilitation System for Use in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):2183. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042183

Chicago/Turabian Style

Varela-Aldás, José, Jorge Buele, Pedro Ramos Lorente, Iván García-Magariño, and Guillermo Palacios-Navarro. 2021. "A Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Telerehabilitation System for Use in the COVID-19 Pandemic" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 2183. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13042183

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