Next Article in Journal
Renewable Energy Use and Ecological Footprints Mitigation: Evidence from Selected South Asian Economies
Next Article in Special Issue
Sustainability and Slovenian Karst Landscapes: Evaluation of a Low Karst Plain
Previous Article in Journal
The Feasibility of Renewable Natural Gas in New Jersey
Article

Monitoring Human Impact in Show Caves. A Study of Four Romanian Caves

1
Emil Racovita Institute of Speleology, Department of Geospeleology and Paleontology, Frumoasă 31, 010051 Bucharest, Romania
2
Romanian Institute of Science and Technology, Saturn 24-26, 400504 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Centro Nacional de Investigacion sobre la Evolucion Humana, CENIEH, Paseo de Atapuerca s/n, 09001 Burgos, Spain
4
Emil Racovita Institute of Speleology, Department of Cluj, Clinicilor 5, 400006 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Brinkmann
Sustainability 2021, 13(4), 1619; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041619
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 21 January 2021 / Accepted: 31 January 2021 / Published: 3 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Karst and Environmental Sustainability)
(1) Background: Show caves are unique natural attractions and touristic traffic can trigger their degradation within a short time. There are no universal solutions to counter the effects of the touristic impact upon the cave environment and both protection protocols and management plans have to be established on a case-by-case basis. (2) Methods: The study includes four show caves from the Romanian Carpathians, where monitoring of the number of visitors, paralleled by the monitoring of the main physicochemical parameters of the air and water (CO2, temperature, humidity, drip rate, conductivity, and pH) was implemented. (3) Results and Conclusions: The results of the study have: established a set of basic principles to be enforced by the management of show caves and issued a set of preventive measures and instructions to be followed by the personnel and stakeholders of the caves. View Full-Text
Keywords: cave; microclimate; monitoring; sustainable management; Carpathians; Romania cave; microclimate; monitoring; sustainable management; Carpathians; Romania
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Constantin, S.; Mirea, I.C.; Petculescu, A.; Arghir, R.A.; Măntoiu, D.Ș.; Kenesz, M.; Robu, M.; Moldovan, O.T. Monitoring Human Impact in Show Caves. A Study of Four Romanian Caves. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1619. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041619

AMA Style

Constantin S, Mirea IC, Petculescu A, Arghir RA, Măntoiu DȘ, Kenesz M, Robu M, Moldovan OT. Monitoring Human Impact in Show Caves. A Study of Four Romanian Caves. Sustainability. 2021; 13(4):1619. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041619

Chicago/Turabian Style

Constantin, Silviu, Ionuț C. Mirea, Alexandru Petculescu, Răzvan A. Arghir, Dragoș Ș. Măntoiu, Marius Kenesz, Marius Robu, and Oana T. Moldovan. 2021. "Monitoring Human Impact in Show Caves. A Study of Four Romanian Caves" Sustainability 13, no. 4: 1619. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13041619

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop