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Open AccessArticle

Towards Effective Safety Cost Budgeting for Apartment Construction: A Case Study of Occupational Safety and Health Expenses in South Korea

1
School of Architecture, Chonnam National University, 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju 61186, Korea
2
Goosan Construction, 15-15, Cheonbyeon 3-gil, Damyang-eup, Damyang-gun, Jeollanam-do 57843, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sunkuk Kim
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1335; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031335
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 16 January 2021 / Accepted: 19 January 2021 / Published: 27 January 2021
The construction industry has experienced a lot of occupational accidents, and construction work is considered one of the most dangerous occupations. In order to reduce the number of occupational injuries from construction, the South Korean government legislated the occupational safety and health expense law, requiring companies to reserve a reasonable budget for safety management activities when budgeting for construction projects. However, safety budgets have not been spent based on the risk of accidents, and a large amount of the safety budget is spent either in the beginning or late stages of construction projects. Various accident risk factors, such as activity types, previous accident records, and the number of workers on a construction site, need to be considered when determining the safety budget. To solve such problems, this study investigated the expenditure trends of occupational safety and health expenses for 10 apartment construction projects in South Korea. This study also proposed an accident risk index that can be incorporated with the project costs, schedule, the number of workers, and historical accident records when budgeting for the safety costs. The results from the case study illustrate the limitations of the current planning strategy for safety expenditures and demonstrate the need for effective safety budgeting for accident prevention. The proposed safety cost expenditure guideline helps safety practitioners when budgeting for the occupational safety and health expenses while considering accident risk and the characteristics of safety cost expenditures in practice. The outcome of this research will contribute to the development of regulations for the budgeting of safety costs and help to prevent occupational injuries by providing a reasonable budget for safety management activities in an apartment construction project. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational safety and health expenses; construction safety; safety cost expenditures; apartment construction occupational safety and health expenses; construction safety; safety cost expenditures; apartment construction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yang, K.; Kim, K.; Go, S. Towards Effective Safety Cost Budgeting for Apartment Construction: A Case Study of Occupational Safety and Health Expenses in South Korea. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1335. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031335

AMA Style

Yang K, Kim K, Go S. Towards Effective Safety Cost Budgeting for Apartment Construction: A Case Study of Occupational Safety and Health Expenses in South Korea. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1335. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031335

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yang, Kanghyeok; Kim, Kiltae; Go, Seongseok. 2021. "Towards Effective Safety Cost Budgeting for Apartment Construction: A Case Study of Occupational Safety and Health Expenses in South Korea" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1335. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031335

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