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Article

Role of Integrated Approaches in Water Resources Management: Antofagasta Region, Chile

1
School of Environmental Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi 110067, India
2
DIATI—Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure Engineering, Politecnico di Torino, 10129 Turin, Italy
3
Facultad de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Universidad Adolfo Ibáñez, Santiago 2640, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vasilis Kanakoudis
Sustainability 2021, 13(3), 1297; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031297
Received: 2 January 2021 / Revised: 20 January 2021 / Accepted: 22 January 2021 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Water, Economic Management and Governance Issues)
Water is essential for the survival of all living beings and plays a significant role in the growth of any country′s economy. At present, water depletion and pollution are a serious challenge due to anthropogenic, geogenic and climate change activities worldwide, including in Chile. The Antofagasta region is located in northern Chile and is the heart of its mining industry, playing a significant role in the country′s economy. The Antofagasta region′s main challenge is water shortage and contamination. Due to it, the region′s local population is facing major difficulties in obtaining the necessary water for domestic, industrial, irrigation, and other uses. Therefore, a water resources management plan is essential for the region to maintain a sustainable environment. Considering the above points, significant parameters, such as slope, aspect, elevation, hillshade, drainage, drainage density and river basin—maps of the Antofagasta region prepared using the digital elevation model (DEM) data in geographic information system (GIS) environment. Besides, a pollution risk level assessment of the study area′s cities/villages done using GIS application. The important created maps and the identification of pollution risk of cities/villages of the present study could provide significant information to policymakers and help them make a suitable water management plan for the area. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrology; thematic maps; DEM; mines; pollution risk; GIS hydrology; thematic maps; DEM; mines; pollution risk; GIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tiwari, A.K.; Suozzi, E.; Silva, C.; De Maio, M.; Zanetti, M. Role of Integrated Approaches in Water Resources Management: Antofagasta Region, Chile. Sustainability 2021, 13, 1297. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031297

AMA Style

Tiwari AK, Suozzi E, Silva C, De Maio M, Zanetti M. Role of Integrated Approaches in Water Resources Management: Antofagasta Region, Chile. Sustainability. 2021; 13(3):1297. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031297

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tiwari, Ashwani Kumar, Enrico Suozzi, Carlos Silva, Marina De Maio, and Mariachiara Zanetti. 2021. "Role of Integrated Approaches in Water Resources Management: Antofagasta Region, Chile" Sustainability 13, no. 3: 1297. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13031297

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