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Article

Considerations of Use-Use Interactions between Macroalgae Cultivation and Other Maritime Sectors: An Eastern Baltic MSP Case Study

1
Latvian Institute of Aquatic Ecology, 1007 Riga, Latvia
2
Department of Planning, Aalborg University Copenhagen, 2450 Copenhagen, Denmark
3
Estonian Marine Institute, University of Tartu, 12618 Tallinn, Estonia
4
National Marine Fisheries Research Institute, 81-332 Gdynia, Poland
5
Leibniz Institute for Baltic Sea Research Warnemünde, 18119 Rostock, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Tim Gray
Sustainability 2021, 13(24), 13888; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413888
Received: 26 November 2021 / Revised: 11 December 2021 / Accepted: 13 December 2021 / Published: 15 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Frontiers of Maritime Spatial Planning and Management)
With the blue economic sectors growing, marine macroalgae cultivation plays an important role in securing food and energy supplies, as well as better water quality in sustainable ways, whether alone or as part of a cluster solution to mitigate the effects of fish farming. While macroalgae cultivation exists in Europe, it is not that widely distributed yet; with increasing marine activities at sea, Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) needs to ensure social recognition as well as social and spatial representation for such a new marine activity. This comparative case study analysis of MSPs of three eastern Baltic Sea countries explores the levels of support for the development of macroalgae cultivation in MSP and the degree of co-location options for this new and increasingly important sector. It presents new analytical ways of incorporating co-location considerations into the concept of social sustainability. The results of this study support the harmonisation of views on co-location, propose ways of using space to benefit multiple users as well as marine ecosystems, and highlight some of the key social challenges and enablers for this sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: maritime spatial planning; macroalgae cultivation; blue growth; use-use interactions; Baltic Sea maritime spatial planning; macroalgae cultivation; blue growth; use-use interactions; Baltic Sea
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MDPI and ACS Style

Armoškaitė, A.; Bārda, I.; Andersone, I.; Bonnevie, I.M.; Ikauniece, A.; Kotta, J.; Kõivupuu, A.; Lees, L.; Psuty, I.; Strāķe, S.; Sprukta, S.; Szymanek, L.; von Thenen, M.; Schrøder, L.; Hansen, H.S. Considerations of Use-Use Interactions between Macroalgae Cultivation and Other Maritime Sectors: An Eastern Baltic MSP Case Study. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13888. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413888

AMA Style

Armoškaitė A, Bārda I, Andersone I, Bonnevie IM, Ikauniece A, Kotta J, Kõivupuu A, Lees L, Psuty I, Strāķe S, Sprukta S, Szymanek L, von Thenen M, Schrøder L, Hansen HS. Considerations of Use-Use Interactions between Macroalgae Cultivation and Other Maritime Sectors: An Eastern Baltic MSP Case Study. Sustainability. 2021; 13(24):13888. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413888

Chicago/Turabian Style

Armoškaitė, Aurelija, Ieva Bārda, Ingrīda Andersone, Ida M. Bonnevie, Anda Ikauniece, Jonne Kotta, Anneliis Kõivupuu, Liisi Lees, Iwona Psuty, Solvita Strāķe, Sandra Sprukta, Lena Szymanek, Miriam von Thenen, Lise Schrøder, and Henning S. Hansen. 2021. "Considerations of Use-Use Interactions between Macroalgae Cultivation and Other Maritime Sectors: An Eastern Baltic MSP Case Study" Sustainability 13, no. 24: 13888. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413888

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