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Article

A Grounded Theory on Sustainable Circular Public Procurement in Germany: Specific Product Case and Strategies

1
Department of Innovation Economics, Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin), 10587 Berlin, Germany
2
DECHEMA e.V., Theodor-Heuss-Allee 25, 60486 Frankfurt am Main, Germany
3
Department of Lightweight Structures and Polymer Technology, Technische Universität Chemnitz, 09107 Chemnitz, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Luigi Aldieri
Sustainability 2021, 13(24), 13525; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413525
Received: 30 September 2021 / Revised: 20 November 2021 / Accepted: 23 November 2021 / Published: 7 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Circular Economy, Innovation and Quality Infrastructure)
By using its purchasing power to procure environmentally friendly goods and services, the public sector can significantly contribute to sustainability in production and consumption. The sector’s support is also needed for the development of a circular economy (CE), but the absence of a suitable procurement practice often constitutes a barrier. A pressing example for a global need to develop the CE further exists in the tyre context. By the end of 2030, the number of end-of-life tyres (ELT) is expected to rise significantly. This article analyses the role and situation of public procurement and the necessity of quality infrastructure elements to support a sustainable tyre CE in the European Union’s member state Germany. It relies on a multiple case case study-based Grounded Theory approach and 22 interviews with public procurement professionals. Five types of barriers for sustainable circular tyre procurement were identified, concerning regulatory, technical, social, market, and ecological aspects. Possible strategies to overcome them were developed, leading to 14 recommendations for German policymakers and public procurement organisations. In particular, the recommendations focus on the two quality infrastructure elements ‘standards’ and ‘labelling’, with four standardization aspects and eight labelling topics in total. View Full-Text
Keywords: circular economy; public procurement; sustainability; tyres; policy instruments; quality infrastructure; Grounded Theory circular economy; public procurement; sustainability; tyres; policy instruments; quality infrastructure; Grounded Theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wurster, S.; Schulze, R.; Simon, R.G.; Hoyer, S. A Grounded Theory on Sustainable Circular Public Procurement in Germany: Specific Product Case and Strategies. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13525. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413525

AMA Style

Wurster S, Schulze R, Simon RG, Hoyer S. A Grounded Theory on Sustainable Circular Public Procurement in Germany: Specific Product Case and Strategies. Sustainability. 2021; 13(24):13525. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413525

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wurster, Simone, Rita Schulze, Ramona G. Simon, and Stefan Hoyer. 2021. "A Grounded Theory on Sustainable Circular Public Procurement in Germany: Specific Product Case and Strategies" Sustainability 13, no. 24: 13525. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413525

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