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Article

Guidelines for Citizen Engagement and the Co-Creation of Nature-Based Solutions: Living Knowledge in the URBiNAT Project

1
Centre for Social Studies, University of Coimbra (CES-UC), 3000-995 Coimbra, Portugal
2
International Organisation for Knowledge Economy and Enterprise Development (IKED), SE-201 22 Malmö, Sweden
3
Danish Technological Institute (DTI), DK-8000 Aarhus, Denmark
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Israa H. Mahmoud, Eugenio Morello, Giuseppe Salvia and Emma Puerari
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13378; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313378
Received: 22 October 2021 / Revised: 17 November 2021 / Accepted: 28 November 2021 / Published: 3 December 2021
Participation and citizen engagement are fundamental elements in urban regeneration and in the deployment of nature-based solutions (NBS) to advance sustainable urban development. Various limitations inherent to participatory processes concerning NBS for inclusive urban regeneration have been addressed, and lessons have been learnt. This paper investigates participation and urban regeneration and focuses on the development of guidelines for citizen engagement and the co-creation of NBS in the H2020 URBiNAT project. The methodology first involves the collection of scientific and practical input on citizen engagement from a variety of stakeholders, such as researchers and practitioners, to constitute a corpus of qualitative data. This input is then systematized into guideline categories and serves as the basis for a deeper analysis with researchers, experts, and practitioners, both inside and outside URBiNAT, and in dialogue with other cases of participatory NBS implementation. The results highlight an ‘ecology of knowledges’ based on a ‘living’ framework, which aims to address the specific needs of various segments of citizens and to match citizen engagement to the participatory cultures of cities. Implications and further research are also discussed, with a special focus on the implementation of NBS. The conclusions broaden the research context to include the refinement of the NBS approach, with participation being seen as both a means and an end. View Full-Text
Keywords: guidelines; citizen engagement; co-creation; nature-based solutions; participation; urban regeneration; living knowledge; URBiNAT guidelines; citizen engagement; co-creation; nature-based solutions; participation; urban regeneration; living knowledge; URBiNAT
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nunes, N.; Björner, E.; Hilding-Hamann, K.E. Guidelines for Citizen Engagement and the Co-Creation of Nature-Based Solutions: Living Knowledge in the URBiNAT Project. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13378. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313378

AMA Style

Nunes N, Björner E, Hilding-Hamann KE. Guidelines for Citizen Engagement and the Co-Creation of Nature-Based Solutions: Living Knowledge in the URBiNAT Project. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13378. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313378

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nunes, Nathalie, Emma Björner, and Knud E. Hilding-Hamann. 2021. "Guidelines for Citizen Engagement and the Co-Creation of Nature-Based Solutions: Living Knowledge in the URBiNAT Project" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13378. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313378

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