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Article

Research Production and International Visibility in Higher Education: The Evolution of Romanian Universities from 2011 to 2019

1
Research Center for Sustainable Products and Processes, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, 550143 Sibiu, Romania
2
Department of Educational Leadership, School of Education, Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA 30314, USA
3
Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economics Studies, 010374 Bucharest, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jordi Colomer Feliu
Sustainability 2021, 13(23), 13362; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313362
Received: 23 October 2021 / Revised: 28 November 2021 / Accepted: 29 November 2021 / Published: 2 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability on Education Policies)
The international visibility of Romanian universities is relatively weak, even when compared with neighboring countries. This is explained by the historical heritage of the former communist regime and the lack of a clear vision for a post-communist strategic policy that could guide the research enterprise. This study examined whether the higher education reforms launched in 2011 had an effect on the research output, impact and international visibility of Romanian universities. The researchers used bibliometric data and university ranking data from ARWU, THE and QS Rankings. Trends in aggregate bibliometric indicators were analyzed for 38 universities as a whole, and by type of institution. Additionally, the Theil index was utilized to measure the degree of concentration of the research output across three institutional types. The findings reveal that there was significant growth in research output during the first years following the 2011 Education Law. However, this growth could not be sustained beyond 2014, except for Teaching & Research Universities and medical universities. This suggests that the reforms are producing the expected results at institutions that implemented and enforced new evaluation systems heavily oriented toward research. View Full-Text
Keywords: education policies; higher education institutions; international visibility; research performance; university ranking education policies; higher education institutions; international visibility; research performance; university ranking
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kifor, C.V.; Teodorescu, D.; Andrei, T.; Săvescu, R. Research Production and International Visibility in Higher Education: The Evolution of Romanian Universities from 2011 to 2019. Sustainability 2021, 13, 13362. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313362

AMA Style

Kifor CV, Teodorescu D, Andrei T, Săvescu R. Research Production and International Visibility in Higher Education: The Evolution of Romanian Universities from 2011 to 2019. Sustainability. 2021; 13(23):13362. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313362

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kifor, Claudiu V., Daniel Teodorescu, Tudorel Andrei, and Roxana Săvescu. 2021. "Research Production and International Visibility in Higher Education: The Evolution of Romanian Universities from 2011 to 2019" Sustainability 13, no. 23: 13362. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132313362

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