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Review

Neurobehavioral Alterations in Occupational Noise Exposure: A Systematic Review

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Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
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Occupational Medicine School, University of Florence, 50139 Florence, Italy
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Department of Interdisciplinary Medicine, Occupational Health Division, University of Bari, 70121 Bari, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, 95131 Catania, Italy
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Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, MSD 2080 L-Imsida, Malta
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Malta Postgraduate Medical Training Programme, Mater Dei Hospital, MSD 2090 L-Imsida, Malta
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Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Locomotor Apparatus Sciences, Sapienza University of Rome, 5 Piazzale Aldo Moro, 00185 Rome, Italy
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(21), 12224; https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112224
Received: 9 September 2021 / Revised: 12 October 2021 / Accepted: 22 October 2021 / Published: 5 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Psychology of Sustainability and Sustainable Development)
The psychology of sustainability and sustainable development emphasizes the value to ensure health and well-being in different environments, including workplaces. Chronic exposure to noise can cause several extraordinary effects and involve all the systems of the human organism. In addition to cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and immune effects, the data in the literature show alterations in behavioral disturbances, memory capacity, and cognitive performance. Through this systematic review, the authors try to find out the main neurobehavioral alterations in the case of occupational exposure to noise. The literature review included articles published in the major databases (PubMed, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Embase), using a combination of some relevant keywords. This online search yielded 4434 references; after selection, the authors analyzed 41 articles (4 narrative reviews and 37 original articles). From this analysis, it appears that the main symptoms are related to psychological distress, annoyance, sleep disturbances, and cognitive performance. Regarding tasks, the most frequent employments concern school staff, followed by employees from various industrial sectors and office workers. Although the causes are still widely debated, it is essential to protect these workers against chronic exposure to noise. In fact, in addition to a hearing loss, they can manifest many other related discomforts over time and compromise their full working capacity, as well as expose them to a greater risk of accidents or absences from work. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational noise; job; work; behavioral disorders; psychological disorders; annoyance; occupational medicine; prevention occupational noise; job; work; behavioral disorders; psychological disorders; annoyance; occupational medicine; prevention
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mucci, N.; Traversini, V.; Lulli, L.G.; Vimercati, L.; Rapisarda, V.; Galea, R.P.; De Sio, S.; Arcangeli, G. Neurobehavioral Alterations in Occupational Noise Exposure: A Systematic Review. Sustainability 2021, 13, 12224. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112224

AMA Style

Mucci N, Traversini V, Lulli LG, Vimercati L, Rapisarda V, Galea RP, De Sio S, Arcangeli G. Neurobehavioral Alterations in Occupational Noise Exposure: A Systematic Review. Sustainability. 2021; 13(21):12224. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112224

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mucci, Nicola, Veronica Traversini, Lucrezia G. Lulli, Luigi Vimercati, Venerando Rapisarda, Raymond P. Galea, Simone De Sio, and Giulio Arcangeli. 2021. "Neurobehavioral Alterations in Occupational Noise Exposure: A Systematic Review" Sustainability 13, no. 21: 12224. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132112224

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