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Open AccessArticle

Geographical Modelling of Transit Deserts in Cape Town

Centre for Transport Studies, University of Cape Town, 1 Madiba Circle, Rondebosch 7701, South Africa
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Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 997; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020997
Received: 3 December 2020 / Revised: 11 January 2021 / Accepted: 15 January 2021 / Published: 19 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fairness in Transport)
The World Bank calculated South Africa’s 2018 Gini Coefficient to be 0.63, which made it the world’s most unequal country. Such inequality is perpetuated by land-use patterns still influenced by the apartheid past. The resulting urban form necessitates long travel distances, often relying on fragmented transit modes, each with their own geographical and temporal constraints. This study applies work on transit deserts in cities in the global north to Cape Town, aiming to assess the methodological transferability to the global south, and generating case study results. In the Cape Town case, the study first analyses transit deserts based on formal public transport supply (bus rapid transit, traditional bus and train), identifying that ten out of 18 traffic analysis zones were classified as transit gaps (some unserved demand), while three of these zones qualified as transit deserts (significant undersupply). Like its U.S. counterparts, excess supply is found near Cape Town’s city centre. In Cape Town, the transit gaps/deserts are partly filled by unscheduled minibus-taxis. When this informal public transport service is added, the transit deserts disappear; however, half of the transport analysis zones still qualify as having transit gaps. It is, therefore, concluded that informal public transit in Cape Town reduces the transit gap, but does not eliminate it. View Full-Text
Keywords: geographical modelling; public transport; transit deserts; Cape Town; Africa geographical modelling; public transport; transit deserts; Cape Town; Africa
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vanderschuren, M.; Cameron, R.; Newlands, A.; Schalekamp, H. Geographical Modelling of Transit Deserts in Cape Town. Sustainability 2021, 13, 997. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020997

AMA Style

Vanderschuren M, Cameron R, Newlands A, Schalekamp H. Geographical Modelling of Transit Deserts in Cape Town. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):997. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020997

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vanderschuren, Marianne; Cameron, Robert; Newlands, Alexandra; Schalekamp, Herrie. 2021. "Geographical Modelling of Transit Deserts in Cape Town" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 997. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020997

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