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Integrated Approach for the Assessment of Strategies for the Decarbonization of Urban Traffic

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Chair of Methods for Product Development and Mechatronics, Technische Universität Berlin, Straße des 17. Juni 135, 10623 Berlin, Germany
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Chair of Transport Systems Planning and Transport Telematics, Technische Universität Berlin, Salzufer 17-19, 10587 Berlin, Germany
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 839; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020839
Received: 4 December 2020 / Revised: 13 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 16 January 2021
This paper presents a new methodology to derive and analyze strategies for a fully decarbonized urban transport system which combines conceptual vehicle design, a large-scale agent-based transport simulation, operational cost analysis, and life cycle assessment for a complete urban region. The holistic approach evaluates technical feasibility, system cost, energy demand, transportation time, and sustainability-related impacts of various decarbonization strategies. In contrast to previous work, the consequences of a transformation to fully decarbonized transport system scenarios are quantified across all traffic segments, considering procurement, operation, and disposal. The methodology can be applied to arbitrary regions and transport systems. Here, the metropolitan region of Berlin is chosen as a demonstration case. The first results are shown for a complete conversion of all traffic segments from conventional propulsion technology to battery electric vehicles. The transition of private individual traffic is analyzed regarding technical feasibility, energy demand and environmental impact. Commercial goods, municipal traffic and public transport are analyzed with respect to system cost and environmental impacts. We can show a feasible transition path for all cases with substantially lower greenhouse gas emissions. Based on current technologies and today’s cost structures our simulation shows a moderate increase in total systems cost of 13–18%. View Full-Text
Keywords: decarbonization methodology; urban traffic; agent-based transport simulation; life cycle assessment; sustainability; total cost of ownership; charging concepts; conceptual vehicle design; battery electric vehicles; vehicle routing problem decarbonization methodology; urban traffic; agent-based transport simulation; life cycle assessment; sustainability; total cost of ownership; charging concepts; conceptual vehicle design; battery electric vehicles; vehicle routing problem
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MDPI and ACS Style

Göhlich, D.; Nagel, K.; Syré, A.M.; Grahle, A.; Martins-Turner, K.; Ewert, R.; Miranda Jahn, R.; Jefferies, D. Integrated Approach for the Assessment of Strategies for the Decarbonization of Urban Traffic. Sustainability 2021, 13, 839. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020839

AMA Style

Göhlich D, Nagel K, Syré AM, Grahle A, Martins-Turner K, Ewert R, Miranda Jahn R, Jefferies D. Integrated Approach for the Assessment of Strategies for the Decarbonization of Urban Traffic. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):839. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020839

Chicago/Turabian Style

Göhlich, Dietmar, Kai Nagel, Anne M. Syré, Alexander Grahle, Kai Martins-Turner, Ricardo Ewert, Ricardo Miranda Jahn, and Dominic Jefferies. 2021. "Integrated Approach for the Assessment of Strategies for the Decarbonization of Urban Traffic" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 839. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020839

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