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Sustainable Underground Iron Ore Mining in Ukraine with Backfilling Worked-Out Area

1
Belt and Road Initiative Centre for Chinese-European Studies, Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology, Maoming 525000, China
2
Department of Mining Engineering and Education, Dnipro University of Technology, 49005 Dnipro, Ukraine
3
PJSC Zaporizhzhia Iron-ore Plant, 69061 Zaporizhzhia, Ukraine
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 834; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020834
Received: 7 December 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 13 January 2021 / Published: 15 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Resources Policy and Sustainable Development)
The present paper considers aspects of underground iron ore mining in Ukraine, in particular the level of mine production and reserves of basic ore fields. It analyzes and generalizes the practice of using cemented rockfill under difficult mining and hydrogeological conditions of the Pivdenno-Bilozerske high-grade iron ore field. The Belozersky iron ore district is the only one in Ukraine that, without any technological cycle of beneficiation, can provide both domestic and foreign consumers with high-quality raw iron ore as required by world markets. The PJSC Zaporizhzhia iron ore plant extracts iron ore from the Pivdenno-Bilozerske field with an iron content of more than 60% using the low-waste, environmentally friendly technology of backfilling the mined-out area with a hardening mixture. The peculiarities of the technology for steep deposit mining and the main processes of backfilling operations in terms of preparation, transportation, and construction of the backfill mass with its stability assessment are explained in detail in this paper. As a result of using cemented rockfill, rock mass stability is provided, a considerable part of industrial waste is disposed of in the mined-out area, and the earth’s surface subsidence within the area is prevented (in comparison with mining enterprises in other fields). View Full-Text
Keywords: iron ore; underground mining; backfill; deposit; Ukraine iron ore; underground mining; backfill; deposit; Ukraine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bazaluk, O.; Petlovanyi, M.; Lozynskyi, V.; Zubko, S.; Sai, K.; Saik, P. Sustainable Underground Iron Ore Mining in Ukraine with Backfilling Worked-Out Area. Sustainability 2021, 13, 834. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020834

AMA Style

Bazaluk O, Petlovanyi M, Lozynskyi V, Zubko S, Sai K, Saik P. Sustainable Underground Iron Ore Mining in Ukraine with Backfilling Worked-Out Area. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):834. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020834

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bazaluk, Oleg, Mykhailo Petlovanyi, Vasyl Lozynskyi, Serhii Zubko, Kateryna Sai, and Pavlo Saik. 2021. "Sustainable Underground Iron Ore Mining in Ukraine with Backfilling Worked-Out Area" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 834. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020834

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