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Article

Monitoring and Progress in the Implementation of the Global Plan of Action on Animal Genetic Resources

Animal Production and Health Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 00153 Rome, Italy
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Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 775; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020775
Received: 10 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Management of Animal Genetic Resources)
Animal genetic resources are critical to livestock productivity and adaptability, facilitate resilience to climate change, and are a key contributor to food security and livelihoods around the world. The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources (Global Plan), consisting of four Strategic Priority Areas (SPAs: Characterization; Sustainable use; Conservation; Policy), provides a framework to guide countries and other stakeholders on actions to improve the management of animal genetic resources. Assessing, reporting and monitoring the progress and implementation of the Global Plan are critical processes for understanding global commitments made to enhance livestock genetic diversity. In this study, three rounds of reporting (2012, 2014, and 2019) from Member Nations of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations were quantitatively analyzed to gain insight into the progress and implementation of the Global Plan by grouping questionnaires responses into quantitative indicator scores. Variations were found in indicator scores across SPAs, year, and regions, as well as within regions. Countries from North America and Europe and the Caucasus reported higher scores, while most BRICs countries (Brazil, India, China, South Africa) had high implementation scores relative to other countries in the same region. A significant positive correlation was observed between mean implementation scores in 2019 and GDP per capita (r = 0.456). Countries reporting higher implementation of in situ conservation also indicated higher proportions of breeds at risk. Significant progress was reported over the years for three of the four SPAs; SPA3 (conservation) was not found to have significantly improved. Despite the gains that have been made since 2012 in management of animal genetic resources, much remains to be done. The population status of nearly 60% of breeds is unknown while almost three quarters of breeds of known status are at risk of extinction. Efforts must continue to improve management of livestock genetic diversity, with further investments and development of approaches that support socio-economic viability of local genetic resources. View Full-Text
Keywords: livestock; genetic resources; characterization; sustainable use; conservation; policy; survey livestock; genetic resources; characterization; sustainable use; conservation; policy; survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cao, J.; Baumung, R.; Boettcher, P.; Scherf, B.; Besbes, B.; Leroy, G. Monitoring and Progress in the Implementation of the Global Plan of Action on Animal Genetic Resources. Sustainability 2021, 13, 775. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020775

AMA Style

Cao J, Baumung R, Boettcher P, Scherf B, Besbes B, Leroy G. Monitoring and Progress in the Implementation of the Global Plan of Action on Animal Genetic Resources. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):775. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020775

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cao, Jennifer, Roswitha Baumung, Paul Boettcher, Beate Scherf, Badi Besbes, and Gregoire Leroy. 2021. "Monitoring and Progress in the Implementation of the Global Plan of Action on Animal Genetic Resources" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 775. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020775

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