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Open AccessArticle

Evaluating Sustainable Development by Composite Index: Evidence from French Departments

1
SEGGAT-CREM, Normandy University, 14032 Caen CEDEX, France
2
LEREPS, Sciences Po Toulouse, 31042 Toulouse CEDEX, France
3
EconomiX, Paris Nanterre University, 92001 Nanterre, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sustainability 2021, 13(2), 761; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020761
Received: 11 December 2020 / Revised: 5 January 2021 / Accepted: 9 January 2021 / Published: 14 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Circular Economy and Sustainable Strategies)
Since the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals by the United Nations, sustainability has been a key priority for European governments. While previous studies have investigated the associations between indicators of sustainable development, few have directly considered a multidimensional approach to assess and compare the performance of regions in terms of sustainable development. As such, a comprehensive assessment of regional sustainable performance is thus still needed. In this paper, the concept of sustainability relies on the construction of six composite indices (environment and natural resources, energy transition, sustainable mobility, economic dynamism, social cohesion and solidarity, and governance and citizenship) with the aim to provide an evaluation framework for empirically comparing the performance of the 96 metropolitan French Departments. Each dimension is explored by spatial autocorrelation analysis and Hierarchical Ascending Classification (HAC) to classify French Departments providing five different regional profiles of sustainable development. The findings make it possible to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the departments in the implementation of sustainable development. This approach provides the bases for a systematic monitoring of sustainable development policies at the regional scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable development; composite index; cluster analysis; spatial autocorrelation analysis; France sustainable development; composite index; cluster analysis; spatial autocorrelation analysis; France
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonnet, J.; Coll-Martínez, E.; Renou-Maissant, P. Evaluating Sustainable Development by Composite Index: Evidence from French Departments. Sustainability 2021, 13, 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020761

AMA Style

Bonnet J, Coll-Martínez E, Renou-Maissant P. Evaluating Sustainable Development by Composite Index: Evidence from French Departments. Sustainability. 2021; 13(2):761. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020761

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonnet, Jean; Coll-Martínez, Eva; Renou-Maissant, Patricia. 2021. "Evaluating Sustainable Development by Composite Index: Evidence from French Departments" Sustainability 13, no. 2: 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13020761

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