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Article

Investigating the Environmental Impacts of Construction Projects in Time-Cost Trade-Off Project Scheduling Problems with CoCoSo Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Method

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Department of Industrial Engineering, Payame Noor University, Tehran 19395-4697, Iran
2
CENTRUM Católica Graduate Business School, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú, Lima 15023, Peru
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Institute of Sustainable Construction, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Sauletekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
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Department of Construction Management and Real Estate, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Sauletekio al. 11, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Caggiano
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10922; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910922
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 18 September 2021 / Accepted: 26 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
Currently, construction projects have a significant share in environmental pollution. Usually, the employers and managers of construction projects pay attention to the project implementation with the shortest duration and the lowest cost, whereas less attention is paid to the environmental effects of the implementation of projects. Sustainable development requires the planning and implementation of construction projects, taking environmental impacts, along with other factors, into account. Few studies have investigated the balancing time, cost, and environmental effects. Although the selection of an execution method for the project activity requires the use of decision-making methods, these methods have not been used in the project scheduling problems. This study seeks to simultaneously minimize the project time, cost, and environmental impacts. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the environmental impact of project activities in three physical, biological, and social aspects throughout the construction projects, and to attempt to minimize them as measurable values. In this paper, the environmental effects of an urban water supply construction project as a real case study are assessed in different activity execution modes by the Leopold matrix and the best execution mode of each project activity is selected using the CoCoSo (combined compromise solution) multi-criteria decision-making method, considering the time–cost-environmental impact trade-off. The CoCoSo method is employed because of its high flexibility compared to other multi-criteria decision-making methods. The results of this study will direct managers and stakeholders of construction projects to pay more attention to the environmental effects of construction project activities, together with the other conventional project goals and objectives, such as the time and cost. View Full-Text
Keywords: construction projects; environmental impact assessment; time–cost trade-off; CoCoSo multi-criteria decision-making method; case study construction projects; environmental impact assessment; time–cost trade-off; CoCoSo multi-criteria decision-making method; case study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Banihashemi, S.A.; Khalilzadeh, M.; Zavadskas, E.K.; Antucheviciene, J. Investigating the Environmental Impacts of Construction Projects in Time-Cost Trade-Off Project Scheduling Problems with CoCoSo Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Method. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10922. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910922

AMA Style

Banihashemi SA, Khalilzadeh M, Zavadskas EK, Antucheviciene J. Investigating the Environmental Impacts of Construction Projects in Time-Cost Trade-Off Project Scheduling Problems with CoCoSo Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Method. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10922. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910922

Chicago/Turabian Style

Banihashemi, Sayyid A., Mohammad Khalilzadeh, Edmundas K. Zavadskas, and Jurgita Antucheviciene. 2021. "Investigating the Environmental Impacts of Construction Projects in Time-Cost Trade-Off Project Scheduling Problems with CoCoSo Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Method" Sustainability 13, no. 19: 10922. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910922

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