Next Article in Journal
Optimization of Safety System Structures in Railway Transport
Next Article in Special Issue
Will Plans to Ease Energy Poverty Go Up in Smoke? Assessing the Hungarian NECP through the Lens of Solid Fuel Users’ Vulnerabilities
Previous Article in Journal
Employer Branding as a Talent Management Tool: A Systematic Literature Revision
Previous Article in Special Issue
Tackling Energy Poverty through Collective Advisory Assemblies and Electricity and Comfort Monitoring Campaigns
 
 
Article

Mapping Regional Vulnerability to Energy Poverty in Poland

1
Department of Microeconomics, Cracow University of Economics, 31-510 Cracow, Poland
2
Department of Statistics, Cracow University of Economics, 31-510 Cracow, Poland
3
CENSE—Center for Environmental and Sustainability Research, NOVA School of Science and Technology, NOVA University Lisbon, 2829-516 Caparica, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brantley Liddle
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10694; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910694
Received: 27 August 2021 / Revised: 18 September 2021 / Accepted: 22 September 2021 / Published: 26 September 2021
Raising concerns about the effectiveness of the energy poverty policy actions in Poland, such as Clean Air and Stop Smog, brings forward the need to apply different strategies to identify the energy poor. More than 13.7% of Polish households were energy poor in 2018 according to the ability-to-keep-home-warm indicator. This study proposes enhancing the model-based approach to measure households’ energy poverty. Our goal is to assess regional vulnerability to energy poverty in Poland. The study relies on three national datasets and is conducted in two steps. The Energy Consumption Survey (2018) and the Household Budget Survey (2018) provide data for modeling household’s energy poverty in the first step. The Local Data Bank (2019) gives information on the potential factors increasing regional vulnerability to energy poverty evaluated in the second step. We apply multiple linear regression to identify energy-poor households and principal components analysis to examine the regions’ vulnerability factors. As a result, we produce several maps showing the spatial distribution of vulnerability to energy poverty in 380 Polish districts. Our results indicate that some northern, southern and eastern districts in Poland are primary targets of energy poverty policy actions. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy poverty; hidden energy poverty; energy poverty vulnerability; regions; Poland; principal components analysis energy poverty; hidden energy poverty; energy poverty vulnerability; regions; Poland; principal components analysis
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Karpinska, L.; Śmiech, S.; Gouveia, J.P.; Palma, P. Mapping Regional Vulnerability to Energy Poverty in Poland. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910694

AMA Style

Karpinska L, Śmiech S, Gouveia JP, Palma P. Mapping Regional Vulnerability to Energy Poverty in Poland. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910694

Chicago/Turabian Style

Karpinska, Lilia, Sławomir Śmiech, João Pedro Gouveia, and Pedro Palma. 2021. "Mapping Regional Vulnerability to Energy Poverty in Poland" Sustainability 13, no. 19: 10694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910694

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop