Next Article in Journal
Socio-Economic and Governance Conditions Corresponding to Change in Animal Agriculture: South Dakota Case Study
Next Article in Special Issue
Scheduling of Generation Stations, OLTC Substation Transformers and VAR Sources for Sustainable Power System Operation Using SNS Optimizer
Previous Article in Journal
Lessons Learned, Barriers, and Improvement Factors for Mega Building Construction Projects in Developing Countries: Review Study
Previous Article in Special Issue
A Comprehensive Review on Biofuels from Oil Palm Empty Bunch (EFB): Current Status, Potential, Barriers and Way Forward
Review

Carbon Capture Systems for Building-Level Heating Systems—A Socio-Economic and Environmental Evaluation

1
School of Engineering, Okanagan Campus, University of British Columbia, 1137 Alumni Avenue, Kelowna, BC V1V 1V7, Canada
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Moratuwa, Katubedda, Moratuwa 10400, Sri Lanka
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandro Franco and Tomonobu Senjyu
Sustainability 2021, 13(19), 10681; https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910681
Received: 28 August 2021 / Revised: 21 September 2021 / Accepted: 23 September 2021 / Published: 26 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers in Energy Sustainability)
The energy consumption of buildings contributes significantly to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Energy use for space and water heating in buildings causes a major portion of these emissions. Natural gas (NG) is one of the dominant fuels used for building heating, emitting GHG emissions directly to the atmosphere. Many studies have been conducted on improving energy efficiency and using cleaner energy sources in buildings. However, implementing carbon capture, utilization, and storage (CCUS) on NG building heating systems is overlooked in the literature. CCUS technologies have proved their potential to reduce GHG emissions in fossil fuel power plants. However, their applicability for building-level applications has not been adequately established. A critical literature review was conducted to understand the feasibility and viability of adapting CCUS technologies to co-function in building heating systems. This study investigated the technical requirements, environmental and socio-economic impacts, and the drivers and barriers towards implementing building-level CCUS technologies. The findings indicated that implementing building-level CCUS technologies has significant overall benefits despite the marginal increase in energy consumption, operational costs, and capital costs. The information presented in this paper is valuable to academics, building owners and managers, innovators, investors, and policy makers involved in the clean energy sector. View Full-Text
Keywords: carbon capture; building heating; GHG emissions mitigation; techno-economic; triple bottom line sustainability carbon capture; building heating; GHG emissions mitigation; techno-economic; triple bottom line sustainability
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Liyanage, D.R.; Hewage, K.; Karunathilake, H.; Chhipi-Shrestha, G.; Sadiq, R. Carbon Capture Systems for Building-Level Heating Systems—A Socio-Economic and Environmental Evaluation. Sustainability 2021, 13, 10681. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910681

AMA Style

Liyanage DR, Hewage K, Karunathilake H, Chhipi-Shrestha G, Sadiq R. Carbon Capture Systems for Building-Level Heating Systems—A Socio-Economic and Environmental Evaluation. Sustainability. 2021; 13(19):10681. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910681

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liyanage, Don R., Kasun Hewage, Hirushie Karunathilake, Gyan Chhipi-Shrestha, and Rehan Sadiq. 2021. "Carbon Capture Systems for Building-Level Heating Systems—A Socio-Economic and Environmental Evaluation" Sustainability 13, no. 19: 10681. https://doi.org/10.3390/su131910681

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop