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Rewilding Lite: Using Traditional Domestic Livestock to Achieve Rewilding Outcomes

Motivations of Volunteers in Danish Grazing Organizations

Kindergarten Humlebien, Skjulhøj Allé 74, 2720 Vanløse, Denmark
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Copenhagen, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 København Ø, Denmark
Department of Food and Resource Economics, University of Copenhagen, Rolighedsvej 23, 1958 Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Iain J. Gordon, Adrian D. Manning and Javier Pérez-Barbería
Sustainability 2021, 13(15), 8163;
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 14 July 2021 / Accepted: 20 July 2021 / Published: 21 July 2021
Global biodiversity is under pressure from human activities, and the effort for nature conservation and restoration and the allocation of economic resources for biodiversity policies remain insufficient. In such a context, volunteers can play an important role as a resource in nature conservation projects if their recreational activities interact with the objectives of nature management. In recent years, the number of volunteers in conservation work has increased in Denmark, with more people volunteering to contribute to nature conservation projects. Ensuring that volunteers remain motivated and engaged is crucial for the success of such conservation projects. In this study, we evaluated the motivation among members of grazing organizations, an activity that represents the most prominent voluntary nature conservation initiative in Denmark. We applied an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and an ordinal regression to analyze survey data from 25 Danish grazing organizations. We found that five motivational factors determine the engagement of the volunteers, namely social, nature value, instrumental, identification, and personal benefit. Whereas the social, nature value and personal benefit are factors also identified in the existing literature, the instrumental and identification factors add new perspectives to the motivation of environmental volunteers. We found that place attachment is an important driver, and that the chairpersons/coordinators of the grazing organizations especially emphasized the sharing of values and knowledge with their members as a driver. Lastly, volunteers were reluctant to support the idea of forming a more formal setup in terms of a “grazing organization union”. View Full-Text
Keywords: volunteers; motivational factors; nature conservation; grazing organizations volunteers; motivational factors; nature conservation; grazing organizations
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MDPI and ACS Style

Madsen, S.F.; Ekelund, F.; Strange, N.; Schou, J.S. Motivations of Volunteers in Danish Grazing Organizations. Sustainability 2021, 13, 8163.

AMA Style

Madsen SF, Ekelund F, Strange N, Schou JS. Motivations of Volunteers in Danish Grazing Organizations. Sustainability. 2021; 13(15):8163.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Madsen, Sari F., Flemming Ekelund, Niels Strange, and Jesper Sølver Schou. 2021. "Motivations of Volunteers in Danish Grazing Organizations" Sustainability 13, no. 15: 8163.

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