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Article

Barriers to Overcome in Accelerating Renewable Energy Penetration in Bangladesh

by 1,* and 1,2
1
Sustainable Energy Transition Program, Department of Energy, Environment and Climate Change, Asian Institute of Technology, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand
2
Department of Economics, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, India
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Donato Morea
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 7694; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147694
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 28 June 2021 / Accepted: 29 June 2021 / Published: 9 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Energy Sustainability)
In the context of the global need for the accelerated penetration of renewable sources in the energy mix, it is important to understand how fast-growing countries such as Bangladesh can participate in the global process by sequencing or combining actions to overcome multiple national-level barriers. This study analyzed how national-level barriers interact with one another with a view to better understanding in what order they can be approached in order to overcome them. Interpretive structural modeling was applied for the identification of the interactions among the barriers. The barriers identified from a context-relevant literature survey were cross-validated through in-country expert consultation. Policy makers and the research community were consulted using unstructured as well as structured questionnaire survey methods. The cross-impact matrix multiplication applied to the classification method was used to validate the interactions identified. The results indicated that it is possible to follow a systematic approach to overcome the barriers. The findings show that the highest priority is the need to revisit the current top-down process in policy and governance in the energy sector in Bangladesh. By making room for new institutional arrangements and the strategic role of local experts, stakeholders such as manufacturers, businesses, and users can create a sociopolitical environment that makes it possible to break the current inter-linked chain of barriers. Revisiting the current fuel-specific design and allocation of subsidies and the tariff structure is necessary. Simultaneous supplementary efforts towards human capacity building, the creation of a database for both the demand and supply sides of renewable energy, and improvement in coordination across institutions could be helpful. There is a need for the development of a technology-specific research and development infrastructure to encourage local innovation and business model development. Attention needs to be paid to raising scientifically informed public awareness for the uptake of renewable energy in Bangladesh. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bangladesh; barrier analysis; interpretive structural modeling (ISM); policy; renewable energy; sustainable development Bangladesh; barrier analysis; interpretive structural modeling (ISM); policy; renewable energy; sustainable development
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmud, H.; Roy, J. Barriers to Overcome in Accelerating Renewable Energy Penetration in Bangladesh. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147694

AMA Style

Mahmud H, Roy J. Barriers to Overcome in Accelerating Renewable Energy Penetration in Bangladesh. Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):7694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147694

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahmud, Hasan, and Joyashree Roy. 2021. "Barriers to Overcome in Accelerating Renewable Energy Penetration in Bangladesh" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7694. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147694

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