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Article

Geometric and Fractal Characterization of Pore Systems in the Upper Triassic Dolomites Based on Image Processing Techniques (Example from Žumberak Mts, NW Croatia)

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Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Department of Geology, Croatian Geological Survey, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Independent Scholar, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Fernando António Leal Pacheco
Sustainability 2021, 13(14), 7668; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147668
Received: 15 May 2021 / Revised: 4 July 2021 / Accepted: 5 July 2021 / Published: 9 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Groundwater Resource Management)
Karst aquifers are important sources of thermal and groundwater in many parts of the world, such as the Alpine–Dinaric–Carpathian region in Europe. The Upper Triassic dolomites are regionally recognized thermal and groundwater aquifers but also hydrocarbon reservoirs. They are characterized by predominantly fractured porosity, but the actual share of depositional and diagenetic porosity is rarely investigated. In this research, we presented the geometric characterization of the measured microporosity of the Upper Triassic dolomites of the Žumberak Mts (Croatia), through thin-section image processing and particle analysis techniques. Pore parameters were analyzed on microphotographs of impregnated thin sections in scale. A total of 2267 pores were isolated and analyzed. The following parameters were analyzed: pore area, pore perimeter, circularity, aspect ratio (AR), roundness, solidity, Feret AR, compactness, and fractal dimension. Furthermore, porosity was calculated based on the pore portion in each image. The effective porosity on rock samples was determined using saturation and buoyancy techniques as an accompanying research method. We analyzed distributions of each parameter, their correlation, and most of the parameters are characterized by an asymmetric or asymmetric normal distribution. Parameters that quantify pore irregularities have similar distributions, and their values indicate the high complexity of the pore geometry, which can significantly impact permeability. View Full-Text
Keywords: Upper Triassic; dolomites; porosity; image processing; fractal dimension Upper Triassic; dolomites; porosity; image processing; fractal dimension
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pavičić, I.; Briševac, Z.; Vrbaški, A.; Grgasović, T.; Duić, Ž.; Šijak, D.; Dragičević, I. Geometric and Fractal Characterization of Pore Systems in the Upper Triassic Dolomites Based on Image Processing Techniques (Example from Žumberak Mts, NW Croatia). Sustainability 2021, 13, 7668. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147668

AMA Style

Pavičić I, Briševac Z, Vrbaški A, Grgasović T, Duić Ž, Šijak D, Dragičević I. Geometric and Fractal Characterization of Pore Systems in the Upper Triassic Dolomites Based on Image Processing Techniques (Example from Žumberak Mts, NW Croatia). Sustainability. 2021; 13(14):7668. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147668

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pavičić, Ivica, Zlatko Briševac, Anja Vrbaški, Tonći Grgasović, Željko Duić, Deni Šijak, and Ivan Dragičević. 2021. "Geometric and Fractal Characterization of Pore Systems in the Upper Triassic Dolomites Based on Image Processing Techniques (Example from Žumberak Mts, NW Croatia)" Sustainability 13, no. 14: 7668. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13147668

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