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Sustainable Urban Transportation Criteria and Measurement—A Systematic Literature Review

Chair of General Business Administration and International Automotive Management, Faculty of Engineering, University of Duisburg-Essen, Lotharstraße 1, 47057 Duisburg, Germany
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Academic Editors: Kenji Doi and Alexis M. Fillone
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7113; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137113
Received: 10 May 2021 / Revised: 21 June 2021 / Accepted: 22 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Urban Mobility Project)
Sustainable transportation plays a key role in social participation and climate change. However, no universally accepted set of criteria for tracking the progress of urban sustainable transportation projects currently exists; one reason for this is the absence of a standardized lexicon for sustainability measurement elements. Therefore, this paper conducts a systematic literature review and analysis of sustainable transportation criteria using 21 papers from journals listed in the German rating system JOURQUAL3 (JQ3) and published between 2010 and 2020. The paper thus develops a unified vocabulary for sustainability measurement elements that is structured into a hierarchy. The goal (sustainable transportation) presides over the following three sustainability dimensions: objectives (e.g., minimization of traffic clogging), criteria (e.g., congestion), and indicators (e.g., cost of traffic congestion). Within the hierarchy, the main criteria for urban multimodal sustainable transportation are identified as follows: 13 social, 11 economic, and 9 environmental main criteria are determined. The three main criteria used most in the literature exclusively concern the environment. Future research is recommended to assess the interrelations between the criteria as their assignment to sustainability dimensions is ambiguous in the existing literature. This paper helps mobility managers to make decisions about urban transportation concepts and while overseeing projects. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainable transportation; systematic literature review; measurement; sustainability criteria sustainable transportation; systematic literature review; measurement; sustainability criteria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kraus, L.; Proff, H. Sustainable Urban Transportation Criteria and Measurement—A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7113. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137113

AMA Style

Kraus L, Proff H. Sustainable Urban Transportation Criteria and Measurement—A Systematic Literature Review. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7113. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137113

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kraus, Lisa, and Heike Proff. 2021. "Sustainable Urban Transportation Criteria and Measurement—A Systematic Literature Review" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7113. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137113

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