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Article

A Typological Classification for Assessing Farm Sustainability in the Italian Bovine Dairy Sector

1
Department of Veterinary Medical Science, University of Bologna—Alma Mater Studiorum, 40064 Ozzano dell’Emilia, Italy
2
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, 64100 Teramo, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Rajeev Bhat and Lewis Holloway
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7097; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137097
Received: 11 May 2021 / Revised: 9 June 2021 / Accepted: 21 June 2021 / Published: 24 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dairy Sector: Opportunities and Sustainability Challenges)
Italy is among the most important countries in Europe for milk production. The new European policies encourage a transition towards sustainability and are leading European dairy farms to follow new trajectories to increase their economic efficiency, reduce their environmental impact, and ensure social sustainability. Few studies have attempted to classify dairy farms by analyzing the relationships between the structural profiles of farms and the social, environmental, and economic dimensions of sustainability. This work intends to pursue this aim through an exploratory analysis in the Italian production context. The cluster analysis technique made it possible to identify three types of dairy farms, which were characterized on the basis of indicators that represented the three dimensions of sustainability (environmental, social, and economic sustainability) and the emerging structural relationships based on the structural characteristics of the dairy farms. The classification made it possible to describe the state of the art of the Italian dairy sector in terms of sustainability and to understand how different types of farms can respond to the new European trajectories. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; farm type; sustainable management; small-/medium-scale animal farms sustainability; farm type; sustainable management; small-/medium-scale animal farms
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MDPI and ACS Style

Masi, M.; Vecchio, Y.; Pauselli, G.; Di Pasquale, J.; Adinolfi, F. A Typological Classification for Assessing Farm Sustainability in the Italian Bovine Dairy Sector. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7097. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137097

AMA Style

Masi M, Vecchio Y, Pauselli G, Di Pasquale J, Adinolfi F. A Typological Classification for Assessing Farm Sustainability in the Italian Bovine Dairy Sector. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7097. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137097

Chicago/Turabian Style

Masi, Margherita, Yari Vecchio, Gregorio Pauselli, Jorgelina Di Pasquale, and Felice Adinolfi. 2021. "A Typological Classification for Assessing Farm Sustainability in the Italian Bovine Dairy Sector" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7097. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137097

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