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Review

Conservation Studies on Groundwaters’ Pollution: Challenges and Perspectives for Stygofauna Communities

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Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria, 26, 20133 Milano, Italy
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Laboratorio di Biologia Sotterranea “Enrico Pezzoli”, Parco Regionale del Monte Barro, Località Eremo, 23851 Galbiate, Italy
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Key Laboratory of the Zoological Systematics and Evolution, Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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RULE—Research Unit of Landscape Ecology, Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza 1, 20126 Milano, Italy
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Museo di Storia Naturale dell’Università degli Studi di Firenze, “La Specola”, 50124 Firenze, Italy
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Natural Oasis, 59100 Prato, Italy
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Unione Speleologica Calenzano, Calenzano, 50131 Firenze, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Alejandro Rescia
Sustainability 2021, 13(13), 7030; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137030
Received: 17 May 2021 / Revised: 11 June 2021 / Accepted: 16 June 2021 / Published: 23 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainability in Conservation Biology)
Assessing the effects of pollution in groundwaters is recently considered among the most relevant aims for subterranean biology; with this perspective, we aim to provide examples of the most relevant effects that pollution may cause on stygofauna community and underline patterns deserving further investigations. We retrieved different cases in which pollution caused alteration of groundwater trophic webs, favored invasions by epigean mesopredators, damaged stygobiont keystone species, and promoted interspecific competition between stygobionts and epigean animals. The results and the remarks derived from our perspective review underline that pollution may play multifaceted effects on groundwaters communities, and the paucity of information that exists on community-level changes and threats underlines the necessity for further studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: invertebrates; macrobenthos; sewage; mining; detritus; minerals; stygobite Niphargus; flatworm; aqueduct; salamander; freshwater benthos invertebrates; macrobenthos; sewage; mining; detritus; minerals; stygobite Niphargus; flatworm; aqueduct; salamander; freshwater benthos
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MDPI and ACS Style

Manenti, R.; Piazza, B.; Zhao, Y.; Padoa Schioppa, E.; Lunghi, E. Conservation Studies on Groundwaters’ Pollution: Challenges and Perspectives for Stygofauna Communities. Sustainability 2021, 13, 7030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137030

AMA Style

Manenti R, Piazza B, Zhao Y, Padoa Schioppa E, Lunghi E. Conservation Studies on Groundwaters’ Pollution: Challenges and Perspectives for Stygofauna Communities. Sustainability. 2021; 13(13):7030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137030

Chicago/Turabian Style

Manenti, Raoul, Beatrice Piazza, Yahui Zhao, Emilio Padoa Schioppa, and Enrico Lunghi. 2021. "Conservation Studies on Groundwaters’ Pollution: Challenges and Perspectives for Stygofauna Communities" Sustainability 13, no. 13: 7030. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13137030

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