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Article

Complex Thinking and Sustainable Social Development: Validity and Reliability of the COMPLEX-21 Scale

1
Socioformation and Sustainable Development Group, University Center CIFE, Cuernavaca 62140, Mexico
2
Global Citizenship and Socioformation, Ekap University, Mount Dora, FL 32757, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Eloy López Meneses, Emilio José Delgado-Algarra, César Bernal-Bravo and Antonio Alejandro Lorca-Marín
Sustainability 2021, 13(12), 6591; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126591
Received: 21 January 2021 / Revised: 23 February 2021 / Accepted: 23 February 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Collection Sustainable Citizenship and Education)
Thinking skills are essential to achieve sustainable social development. Nonetheless, there is no specific instrument that assesses all of these skills as a whole. The present study aimed to design and validate a scale to assess complex thinking skills in adult people. A scale of 22 items assessing the following aspects: analysis and problem solving, critical analysis, metacognition, systemic analysis, and creativity, in five levels, was created. This scale was validated in 626 university students from Peru. In total, 16 experts in the field helped to determine the content validity of the scale (Aiken’s V value higher than 0.8). The confirmatory factor analysis allowed the evaluation of the structure of the five factors theoretically proposed and the goodness of fit indexes was satisfactory. An item was eliminated during the process and the scale resulted in 21 items. The composite reliability for the different factors was ranged between 0.794 and 0.867. The invariance between genders was also checked and the concurrent validity was proved. The study concludes that the content validity, construct validity, concurrent validity, and composite reliability levels of the COMPLEX-21 scale are appropriate. View Full-Text
Keywords: assessment; complex thinking; factor analysis; reliability; skills; socioformation; sustainable social development; validity assessment; complex thinking; factor analysis; reliability; skills; socioformation; sustainable social development; validity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tobón, S.; Luna-Nemecio, J. Complex Thinking and Sustainable Social Development: Validity and Reliability of the COMPLEX-21 Scale. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6591. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126591

AMA Style

Tobón S, Luna-Nemecio J. Complex Thinking and Sustainable Social Development: Validity and Reliability of the COMPLEX-21 Scale. Sustainability. 2021; 13(12):6591. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126591

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tobón, Sergio, and Josemanuel Luna-Nemecio. 2021. "Complex Thinking and Sustainable Social Development: Validity and Reliability of the COMPLEX-21 Scale" Sustainability 13, no. 12: 6591. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126591

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