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Analysis of Attendance and Speleotourism Potential of Accessible Caves in Karst Landscape of Slovakia

Geological Features for Geotourism in the Zanjan and Hamadan Area, Northern Iran

Institute of Applied Geosciences, Graz University of Technology, 8010 Graz, Austria
Water Research Institute, Tehran 1417466191, Iran
Faculty of Geotechnical Engineering, University of Zagreb, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
Department of Civil Engineering, University North, 42000 Varaždin, Croatia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dmitry A. Ruban
Sustainability 2021, 13(12), 6587;
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 31 May 2021 / Accepted: 2 June 2021 / Published: 9 June 2021
Iran is a land of complex geological past which reflects in its many natural wonders. There are more than 850 known caves in Iran with a total length not exceeding 1000 km, many of them not being properly explored. Two of the biggest and most famous caves are Ali-Sadr and Katale-Khor. The Katale-Khor cave has a simple maze anastomotic pattern. Ghar Ali-Sadr is an anastomotic type of cave located 75 km northwest of Hamedan in a village by the same name and circa 60 km south of Katale-Khor cave. Ali-Sadr cave is considered to be one of the most unique and scenic caves in the world. One of the features that makes Ali-Sadr cave special is a fact that it is the longest and the biggest water cave in the world (from the point of the boating course inside the cave). This natural wonders in Northern Iran are great base for developing a geotourism, as a form of tourism that specifically focuses on geology and landscape. Its purpose is to promote an understanding of earth sciences through appreciation and conservation of geodiversity. The best way to achieve this is through visits to geological features and locations. View Full-Text
Keywords: karst cave; passages; karst spring; talars; Iran karst cave; passages; karst spring; talars; Iran
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MDPI and ACS Style

Afrasiabian, A.; Mahmoudi Sivand, S.; Dogančić, D.; Plantak, L.; Đurin, B. Geological Features for Geotourism in the Zanjan and Hamadan Area, Northern Iran. Sustainability 2021, 13, 6587.

AMA Style

Afrasiabian A, Mahmoudi Sivand S, Dogančić D, Plantak L, Đurin B. Geological Features for Geotourism in the Zanjan and Hamadan Area, Northern Iran. Sustainability. 2021; 13(12):6587.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Afrasiabian, Ardalan, Siamak Mahmoudi Sivand, Dragana Dogančić, Lucija Plantak, and Bojan Đurin. 2021. "Geological Features for Geotourism in the Zanjan and Hamadan Area, Northern Iran" Sustainability 13, no. 12: 6587.

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