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Article

Behavior Patterns, Energy Consumption and Comfort during COVID-19 Lockdown Related to Home Features, Socioeconomic Factors and Energy Poverty in Madrid

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Instituto de Ciencias de la Construcción Eduardo Torroja, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (IETcc-CSIC), 28033 Madrid, Spain
2
Escuela Nacional de Sanidad, Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), 28029 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: João Pedro Gouveia and Ricardo Barbosa
Sustainability 2021, 13(11), 5949; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115949
Received: 16 April 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 18 May 2021 / Published: 25 May 2021
During spring 2020, the world was shocked at the imminent global spread of SARS-CoV-2, resorting to measures such as domestic confinement. This meant the reconfiguration of life in an unusual space; the home. However, not all households experienced it in the same way; many of them were vulnerable. A general increase in energy consumption and discomfort in many cases, led these families to suffer the ravages of confinement. This study analyzes the energy and comfort situation for the Madrid (Spain) population, according to the configuration of the homes, the characteristics of the dwellings, the vulnerability index by district, and energy poverty (measured with the 10% threshold of energy expenditure of home incomes). The results show a greater exposure, in confinement, of vulnerable and energy-poor households to scenarios of discomfort in the home, to which they could not respond, while energy consumption inevitably increased. Driven by need, energy-poor homes applied certain saving strategies, mainly resorting to thermal adaptation with clothing. This study shows the risk these households experienced in the face of an extreme situation, and invites reflection on preventive and containment measures that aim to avoid harming the disadvantaged in the future; harm that would also entail serious consequences on the health of their cohabitants. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; energy poverty; housing; lockdown; energy consumption; domestic hot water (DHW); HVAC; appliances; household behavior; vulnerability COVID-19; energy poverty; housing; lockdown; energy consumption; domestic hot water (DHW); HVAC; appliances; household behavior; vulnerability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cuerdo-Vilches, T.; Navas-Martín, M.Á.; Oteiza, I. Behavior Patterns, Energy Consumption and Comfort during COVID-19 Lockdown Related to Home Features, Socioeconomic Factors and Energy Poverty in Madrid. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5949. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115949

AMA Style

Cuerdo-Vilches T, Navas-Martín MÁ, Oteiza I. Behavior Patterns, Energy Consumption and Comfort during COVID-19 Lockdown Related to Home Features, Socioeconomic Factors and Energy Poverty in Madrid. Sustainability. 2021; 13(11):5949. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115949

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cuerdo-Vilches, Teresa, Miguel Ángel Navas-Martín, and Ignacio Oteiza. 2021. "Behavior Patterns, Energy Consumption and Comfort during COVID-19 Lockdown Related to Home Features, Socioeconomic Factors and Energy Poverty in Madrid" Sustainability 13, no. 11: 5949. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13115949

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