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Article

The Impact of Urban Recreation Environment on Residents’ Happiness—Based on a Case Study in China

by 1,2, 1,2,* and 1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of Desert and Oasis Ecology, Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi 830011, China
2
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Juan Ignacio Pulido-Fernández
Sustainability 2021, 13(10), 5549; https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105549
Received: 2 April 2021 / Revised: 30 April 2021 / Accepted: 12 May 2021 / Published: 16 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Subjective Wellbeing and Sustainable Development)
Rapid urbanization promotes the expansion of urban tourism and recreation functions, but it also brings many problems, which affect residents’ happiness. Previous studies have emphasized the direct impact of urban recreation environment on happiness, and few have explored the indirect impact of urban recreation environment on happiness through subjective evaluation. Based on the survey data of nearly 10,000 permanent residents in 40 key tourism cities in China, this paper establishes a theoretical framework of the direct and indirect impact of urban recreation environment on happiness. The objective evaluation of natural recreation environment and sociocultural recreation environment has an important influence on happiness, but the influence of natural recreation environment is greater than that of sociocultural recreation environment. Individual subjective satisfaction with urban recreation environment mediates the relationship between urban objective environment and happiness. Urban parks have a positive effect on happiness, while tourist attractions have a negative effect. The influence of urban location on happiness is nonlinear. The high-income group is more sensitive to the recreation environment, while the low-income group is less sensitive to the recreation environment. These findings provide insights for further improving citizens’ quality of life and designing urban construction in developing countries under the conditions of rapid urbanization. View Full-Text
Keywords: recreation environment; happiness; satisfaction; SEM; 40 cities; China recreation environment; happiness; satisfaction; SEM; 40 cities; China
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, L.; Yang, Z.; Han, F. The Impact of Urban Recreation Environment on Residents’ Happiness—Based on a Case Study in China. Sustainability 2021, 13, 5549. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105549

AMA Style

Kang L, Yang Z, Han F. The Impact of Urban Recreation Environment on Residents’ Happiness—Based on a Case Study in China. Sustainability. 2021; 13(10):5549. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105549

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kang, Lei; Yang, Zhaoping; Han, Fang. 2021. "The Impact of Urban Recreation Environment on Residents’ Happiness—Based on a Case Study in China" Sustainability 13, no. 10: 5549. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13105549

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